7 junio, 2024

Mixed or hybrid ecosystem

We teach you what mixed ecosystems are, their characteristics and types that exist. Finally, we show you several examples of mixed ecosystems.

What is a mixed ecosystem?

A mixed ecosystem or hybrid ecosystem It is the one that has characteristics of terrestrial and aquatic habitats. They are considered as transition zones and they are made up of aquatic parts, such as rivers or lakes, with terrestrial portions in which living beings move.

The Biodiversity of this type of ecosystem is highly variable., integrating vegetation, flora and animal species that inhabit the land, air and water. The regions where hybrid ecosystems occur most frequently are on coasts and wetlands.

They usually have a high density of vegetation that serve as a source of food for various species and also as a refuge or den for specimens and their offspring.

Characteristics of hybrid ecosystems

– Include a aquatic zonewhich can be a river, lake or sea and a terrestrial zone.

– They have a lots of greenerywhich functions as an area for reproduction, shelter, birth of young and as a source of food.

– Thanks to the high presence of vegetation, this type of ecosystems have a great diversity of animal species.

– They live in them animals adapted to both environmentsthe aquatic and the terrestrial, as is the case of amphibians.

– The flora is an element with great variation also, functioning as another food source.

– Breed in these habitats plant species that tolerate a large amount of water and that, in certain cases, they can even thrive completely submerged.

– It’s possible to find plants that can survive in saltwater environments.

Types of mixed ecosystems

wetlands: Habitats that are flooded, either intermittently or permanently. They correspond to a transition between continental waters and terrestrial ecosystems.
costs: unions between lands that emerge from the sea or some other aquatic body. They are meeting zones between the continental territory or islands with the water. These are habitats that are not entirely stable, as the sea or water level can rise and recede. There are different types of coasts and their presence is important for biodiversity, such as algae, corals and anemones.
estuaries: transition environments present at the mouths of rivers, upon their arrival at the sea. They are characterized by variability in salinity and by their high presence of nutrients, which allows species of fish and crustaceans to proliferate.
mangroves: very humid tropical regions due to the effect of salty waters, with trees adapted to the great presence of salt in the water. The roots that form in these ecosystems stabilize the soil and fight erosion.
Sand dunes: present on beaches and coasts, they are mounds that are formed with the sand that is blown by the wind. In them you can find climbing plants, adapted to the particular characteristics of the substrate.
air: They are considered transition systems, since they are the means where flying animals move, but at the same time, this type of species must come down to the ground to rest, procreate and nest.

Importance of mixed ecosystems

Mixed ecosystems are home to a large amount of both animal and plant life and, thanks to their particularities, they make it possible for them to levels of interaction between species and natural elements that do not occur in other types of habitats. For all this they are very important on the planet.

The living beings that inhabit them count with unique characteristics, due to its adaptation to the challenges and changes that occur in a mixed ecosystem. Due to human intervention, disasters have been caused that affect the balance of these sites, which has resulted in environmental protection agencies carrying out recovery work.

Flora of mixed ecosystems

water lilies
water lilies
maple trees
cypress trees
kelp seaweed
mangrove trees

Fauna of mixed ecosystems


Examples of mixed ecosystems

coastal ecosystems

Holbox mangroves, Quintana Roo (Mexico).
Cabo Pulmo National Park, Sea of ​​Cortez (Mexico)
Pacific coast of the Baja California peninsula (Mexico)
Marismas Nacionales Nayarit Biosphere Reserve (Mexico)
Veracruz Reef System National Park (Mexico)
Ojo de Liebre Lagoon Complex (Mexico)

Wetland ecosystems

Xochimilco wetland, Mexico City
Tláhuac wetland, Chalco lake plain, Mexico City
Centla Swamps, Tabasco (Mexico)
Cuatrociénegas Valley, Chihuahua (Mexico)
Wetlands of Ría Lagartos, Yucatán (Mexico)


Analysis and perspectives of the study of terrestrial ecosystems. Taken from rev.mex.biodivers.unam.mx
Wetland Regions. Taken from argentina.gob.ar

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