7 junio, 2024

Measurements of the Basketball Court (or Basketball)

The measurements of a basketball court (or basketball) vary by competition. In the NBA, the court measures 29 by 15 meters. Under the rules of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) the court must measure exactly 28 by 15 meters.

At the student level, the courts measure 26 by 15 meters. In amateur basketball the measures can be quite varied.

The baskets must always be 3 meters above the ground, except in some youth competitions. Basketball courts have a three-point arc on both baskets.

A basket made behind the arc is worth three points; one made from the line or when the player’s foot touches the line is worth two points.

The height of the inside of the roof structure, or the roof above the ground, is specified by the management of each sport and is a critical design factor.

Generally, a basketball court should have a minimum height of 7.7 meters, although a height of 8.23 ​​meters is recommended.

Specifications of the measurements of a court according to FIBA

This federation organizes and supervises international basketball competitions; the Basketball World Cup, the Olympic Basketball Tournament and the 3×3 Basketball Competition, among others.

Its ordinances include: the establishment of the official basketball rules, the equipment and facilities required for the game.

They are also in charge of transferring athletes between the 214 member countries of the federation, as well as the regulations that members must abide by. The federation has offices in the 5 continents.

Court sections

The court must have a flat, hard surface, free of obstructions, and have a dimension of 28 meters long by 15 meters wide, measured from the inside edge of the boundary line.

All lines must be 5 cm wide, must be drawn in white and must be completely visible. The area where the team benches are located must be marked outside the court and must be limited by two lines.

The court must be limited by the boundary lines. These lines are not part of the court. Any obstructions, including the team sitting on the benches, must be at least two meters away from the court.

The free throw line must be drawn parallel to each end line. It must have its edge up to 5.8 meters from the inside line of the finish line and must measure 3.6 meters in length. Its midpoint must be on the imaginary line that joins the midpoint of the two final lines.

Restricted areas must be rectangular areas marked out on the court and bounded by the end lines, extended free throw lines, and lines originating from the end lines.

Their edges must be 2.45 meters from the midpoint of the end lines and must end at the outer edge of the extended free-throw area.

These lines, excluding the final lines, are part of the restricted area. The inside of restricted areas must be painted a single color.

The three-point scoring area must be the entire floor of the court, except for the area near the opponent’s basket; limited to and including the two parallel lines running from and perpendicular to the end line, with the outside edge 0.9 meters from the inside edge of the touch lines.

The goal must have a radius of 6.75 meters, measured from the point on the floor below the center of the opponent’s basket to the outer edge of the goal.

The distance of the point on the ground from the inside edge of the midpoint of the finish line is 1,575 meters. The arc is attached to the parallel lines. The three-point line does not belong to the three-point area.

The two 0.15 meter long lines must be marked outside the court, on the sideline opposite the point table. The outer edge of the lines must be 8,325 meters from the inner edge of the nearest finish line. Those are the serve lines.

Other measures


The basketball hoop must have a minimum inside diameter of 450mm and a maximum diameter of 459mm. It must be made of solid metal and must be painted orange. The minimum diameter of the metal must be 16 mm in diameter and the maximum 22 mm.


The board must be transparent, non-reflective, with a flat surface and must have a protective support structure around the outer edge. It must be manufactured in such a way that, if it breaks, the pieces will not separate.

It must measure 1.8 meters in length by 1,505 meters. The lower square must measure 0.590 meters by 0.450 meters in height. The box should be right in the center of the board.


Balls must be spherical, with black stitching not to exceed 6.35mm in width. They must be a single orange color or a FIBA-approved color combination.

They must be inflated to an air pressure that, when thrown to the court floor from a height of approximately 1,800mm measured from the bottom of the ball, will rebound to a height between 1,200mm and 1,400mm.

This distance must be measured from the top of the ball and must be marked with its respective size.


Sports Courts Dimensions. Recovered from sportscourtsdimensions.com.
FIBA. Retrieved from fiba.com.
Official Basketball Rules 2006. International Basket Federation. Recovered from fiba.com
Basketball: steps to success. (2004). USA. Human Kinetics Publishers. Retrieved from wikipedia.com.

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