9 junio, 2024

Informative text: what it is, characteristics, structure, types, examples

We teach you what an informative text is, its characteristics, types and its structure. Finally we show several examples of informative texts.

What is an informative text?

A information text It is a type of text in which an aspect of reality is revealed objectively. As its name indicates, inform about somethingproviding data, descriptions or explanations that make the subject easier for the reader to understand.

A example of informative text is the newsbut there are other types of informative texts, such as scientific articles, school texts, instruction manuals, etc.

Characteristics of an informative text

For a text to be considered informative, it must have certain characteristics:

– It is true: an informative text describes real events which, in addition, can be collated or verified. This possibility of corroboration is what gives value and legitimacy to the text. For example: an informative article on climate change, which includes data from specialized institutions on the increase in the planet’s temperature.

– It is objective: as far as possible, an informative text has to be distanced from opinionsfeelings and/or points of view of its author. For example: in an instruction manual, the informative text should describe the steps to follow, without making value judgments about it or without speculating if the process will be easy or difficult for the reader.

– It is impersonal: informative texts They are not written in the first person (I), but in third person (she, he, it). This contributes to the objectivity of the text, since it avoids involving the author’s point of view. For example: a journalist must write a story about a robbery he witnessed. When writing the text he should avoid writing from his point of view (“I saw a robbery”). Instead, he must use the third person (“This morning there was a robbery”).

– It is accurate: in an informational text, the precision involves using the most relevant and appropriate words to describe or communicate a fact. Using confusing, complex or redundant language not only reduces the accuracy of the text, but also makes it unclear to the reader, preventing the text from fulfilling its informative function. For example: it is more accurate to say “The new shopping center opened its doors” than “The new shopping center opened its doors”.

– Is clear: clarity in an informative text means making it easy to understand. This is closely linked to precision. You don’t just have to choose the most appropriate words. For example: it is clearer to say «in Norway you can see the northern lights» than «in Norway you can see luminescent phenomena in the polar areas».

– It is dense: the density has to do with the wealth of information What does the text provide?. Informational texts cannot be overloaded with redundant or decorative words, phrases, or paragraphs. On the contrary, all the content of the text has to be useful for the reader. For example: «French writer Annie Ernaux won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Literature.»

– It is brief: an informative text must be composed of short sentences or paragraphs, easy to understand. And each sentence and paragraph, in turn, must be precise and dense. Brevity should not detract from the information being communicated in the text. For example: «In January of next year municipal taxes will increase» is shorter than «in a few months there will be an increase in municipal tax charges for all taxpayers».

Structure/parts of an informative text

Most informative texts share a structure made up of an introduction, a development and a closing:

Introduction:eIt is the part of the informative text that shows the most relevant data for the reader in a summarized way. An example of an introduction in an informative text would be a news summary, which is the short text that is just after the main title.
Development: It is the part of the informative text where more details of what is to be communicated are given. Here the data mentioned in the introduction are added or expanded, as well as complementary information. For example, in a cooking recipe, the development would be the indications to prepare the recipe.
Closing:en this part, data is added that, although it complements the informative text, is not relevant to its understanding. For example, in a scientific article, it would be the part that corresponds to the annexes, if it had them.

Types of informative texts

There are two types of informative texts. They differ from each other by their level of specificity.

Specialized informative texts

They are texts that are dedicated to a particular thematic area or to a specific audience with a common interest. They can handle a technical language, since it is known by the readers of this type of texts.

Some examples can be:

Scientific articles.
Thesis.
Professional reports (accounting, Human Resources, financial, administrative, etc.).
Procedures manuals.
Academic material (books, presentations or essays on a particular area of ​​knowledge).

Informative informative texts

They are texts with information aimed at the general public. In this type of text, the language is much simpler and technical terms are usually avoided, because the idea is that the content is understood by as many people as possible.

Some examples can be:

School books/ encyclopedias.
Kitchen Recipes.
Instruction manuals.
Information brochures.
News.

Examples of informational texts

Scientific article

“(…) Our exhaustive review of the main lines of research on serotonin shows that there is no convincing evidence that depression is associated with or caused by lower concentrations or activity of serotonin. Most studies found no evidence of reduced serotonin activity in people with depression compared to people without it, and methods to reduce serotonin availability by depleting tryptophan do not decrease depression. encouragement constantly in the volunteers (…)”.

Financial report

Mexico City, November 11/20/2022

Sirs

Board of Directors Non Plus U Society

The Balance Sheet presents a financial structure overloaded in non-current assets of (70.3%) for year 7, which has been deteriorating until showing a result of (34.5%) for year 10.

This implies that working capital assets are being reinvested in fixed assets; This trend may be unfortunate for the company if one takes into account that the company is eminently a marketer.

Cooking recipe (arepas)

For the arepas:

300 g. of water

200 g. precooked cornmeal

Optional: 3 g. of salt

For the filling:

Whatever you have at home: ham, cheese, scrambled eggs, minced or shredded meat, shredded chicken, etc.

Preparation:

In a bowl, add the flour and then the water. Salt is optional.
Mix well until you form a dough without lumps.
When the dough is ready, let it rest for 5 minutes.
To shape the arepas, take a portion of the dough and roll it into a small ball. Then you are going to crush it to obtain the traditional circular shape.
Take a frying pan, spray with oil and put it on high heat. When it is very hot, lower the heat to the minimum, add the arepas and wait about 3 min. Then, turn the arepa over so that it cooks on the other side.
When they are ready, you remove them from the pan and make a cross cut. In that kind of «pocket» you are going to add the filling of your arepa. The limit is your imagination!

Manual

Instructions for use of the microwave

Arrange the food on the plate adding the thickest pieces towards the outside of the plate.

Cook for the shortest time listed, adding more time if necessary. Overcooking can damage food and even cause fires.
Use the plastic lid to cover food while it is in the microwave so it cooks evenly.
Stir or turn the food as appropriate so that the heat is distributed evenly.

News

More intensity with less time: two studies could change the recommendations of physical exercise as preventive medicine.

A dose of 20 minutes per week of vigorous physical activity reduces the risk of mortality by 30%

(…) Different studies, some of them carried out and published by Spanish researchers, had already shown in recent years that intense physical exercise has greater benefits for cardiovascular health. Now, two investigations, published together in the October issue of the European Heart Journal, with data from more than 70,000 adults from the UK Biobank, have the potential to «mark a before and after» in physical exercise recommendations. as a preventive medicine measure, as explained by Dr. Fernando de la Guía, coordinator of the Sports Cardiology working group of the Spanish Society of Cardiology and head of Cardiology at the Glorieta Dénia Polyclinic (Alicante) (…)”

References

Cordellat, A. (November 24, 2022) More intensity with less time: two studies could change the recommendations of physical exercise as preventive medicine. The country. Taken from elpais.com
Mascioli, J.; Romero Gauna, W. (2013): How to build an informative text. National University of La Plata. Argentina.
Moncrieff, J., Cooper, RE, Stockmann, T. et al. (2022): The serotonin theory of depression: a systematic umbrella review of the evidence. Mol Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-022-01661-0

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