7 junio, 2024

Hydrography of Asia: Seas, Lakes and Rivers

The asian hydrography it is extremely rich, with many seas, lakes and rivers of different sizes and locations, and with distinctive characteristics. Asia is the largest and most populous continent on planet Earth. It has approximately 44 million square kilometers and its population amounts to 4,393,000,000 inhabitants.

The Asian continent is divided into six subregions, very different from each other. A large part of them responds to an Arab and Persian culture, as well as their Muslim heritage. The other big portion covers the eastern side and such cultures as Korean, Japanese, and Chinese. All this accompanied by Russia and the India.

Being such a varied territory, Asia is a continent with very prominent bodies of water. Surrounded by the Pacific and Indian oceans, the continent has important rivers of significant magnitude such as the Yeniséi, or the Ganges. In the lake part is the largest in the world – the Caspian Sea.


Hydrography: Asian seas, lakes and rivers

– Rivers


It is the longest river on the Asian continent, and is also the third longest in the world, only surpassed by the Amazon and the Nile.

Its length exceeds 6300 kilometers. The river runs through the entire territory of the People’s Republic of China, crossing from west to east.

The Yangtze flows through eight provinces, because it is born in Tibet and flows into the East China Sea, in the Pacific Ocean.


It is the distinctive river of the Republic of India, and has prominent importance in the historical and religious part.

Its length is 2,510 kilometers and it passes through eastern India, entering Bangladesh on its way.

It is born in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, in the western part of the Himalayas and flows together with the Brahmaputra river in the Ganges delta, the largest in the world.


With a length of 3,810 kilometers, the Indus River is the largest in Pakistan, passing through the People’s Republic of China and India.

It was born in China, specifically in the Autonomous Region of Tibet. Then it enters the northern part of India in Kashmir and passes to Pakistan, a country that it crosses in a southerly direction until it empties into the Arabian Sea.


It is one of the two great rivers of Western Asia, along with the Tigris. It has an area of ​​2780 kilometers in length and historically delimited the region of Mesopotamia.

Currently, it crosses Turkey, the country where it was born, passing through the Syrian Arab Republic until it reaches Iraq. At the end of its journey, it joins the Tigris to form the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.


If the Obi-Irtish system is considered, its length reaches 5410 kilometers, which would make it the seventh largest river in the world.

Although it is entirely in Russia, its basin is also located in Kazakhstan, China, and Mongolia. It is located in the Siberian region, rising in the Altai Krai, and flowing into the gulf of the same name, in the Arctic Ocean.


It is the other great river of Western Asia. It joins the Euphrates in the final part of its journey, to flow into the Persian Gulf, in the small coastal portion that Iraq has.

This river is 1,900 kilometers long and follows a route very similar to that of the Tigris, practically parallel. It also crosses the same countries, which are Türkiye, Syria and Iraq.

– Seas and oceans

Arctic Ocean

Located at the top of the globe, it circles the North Pole and has an area of ​​14,056,000 square kilometers.

It is also called the Arctic Ocean, and much of its surface is frozen year-round.

On the Asian side, the country that controls the entirety of this ocean is the Federal Republic of Russia. Through this ocean you can connect with Europe and America.

Pacific Ocean

It is the largest ocean in the world, and occupies 155,557,000 square kilometers of the surface of planet Earth.

Its entire western part bathes the coasts of the Asian continent, in countries such as Russia, China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, the Republic of China, Brunei, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, among others. It joins the American continent at its other end.

Indian Ocean

Located at the bottom of the Indian subcontinent, the Indian Ocean is the third-most of the world’s oceans, with an area of ​​68,556,000 square kilometers.

On the Asian side, it bathes the coasts of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Israel, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Iraq, Maldives, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.

– Lakes

Caspian Sea

With an area of ​​371,000 square kilometers, the Caspian Sea stands as the largest lake in the world. It is an endorheic brackish water lake and one of its main feeder rivers is the Volga.

Its coasts bathe Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan. This sea is important energetically, because it has important reserves of natural gas and oil.

Lake Baikal

Located in Russia, Lake Baikal is of tectonic origin and has an area of ​​31,722 square kilometers.

It is the largest freshwater lake in the world, as well as the deepest lake in all of Asia. It contains about 20% of the freshwater surface of planet Earth. It is a World Heritage Site declared by Unesco.

Lake Balkhash

It is an endorheic type lake located entirely in Kazakhstan. It has an area of ​​16,996 square kilometers.

The lake is fed by at least seven rivers and is divided into two parts, marked by the Saryesik peninsula. To the west of it, the waters are fresh and shallow while to the east they are salty and deep.


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