8 junio, 2024

How to make a conclusion step by step (with examples)

The conclusion It is where you summarize what you have dealt with throughout an essay, work or article. In it, new ideas are not discussed, but the ideas explained are reformulated in a new way, being able to make the understanding of the subject deeper.

Have you been trying to make a conclusion but have you been confused? Have you been thinking about it for hours because you don’t know how to finish your work? Well don’t worry, in In this article we will explain in detail how to make a good conclusion, in a simple way. We also propose several ways, so you can choose your own style.

A conclusion is an important part of a text that was produced. Knowing how to do it is the main thing so that what is written leaves a good opinion on whoever reads it. In it, an order must be maintained in the information, done in a clear and concise manner. When doing them, new topics should not be opened that could confuse the reader.

When a writer creates content to satisfy the recipient, a good conclusion can be the key. That is why when preparing it, key points of the work done should be highlighted. Making the concept clear can guarantee a good impression and long-term learning.


What is a conclusion?

A conclusion is the part where a text that has been developed ends. Its purpose is to recall the main approaches that were presented throughout the work. A brief summary is made with the most important ideas, writing in a new way and not repeating the sentences.

The points to highlight in the conclusion should be explained briefly. Points that have not been discussed previously should not be touched at all. But you can add recommendations on the topic and if you want to invite them to read texts developed from it.

For the reader it is positive to find a good conclusion that allows him to clarify doubts about what he has read and provides knowledge. If it is a long reading, a good explanation will refresh the learning obtained so that it remains in your memory for a long time.

A conclusion should be short, but it does not have a certain size, everything will depend on the work that has been done. When it is a simple text it can contain 2 to 3 paragraphs. But if it is a long thesis or an investigative work, it may have 1 or more pages. Everything will depend on the number of hypotheses raised throughout the writing.

What should a conclusion include?

A good conclusion should include several points:

ANDn a conclusion, a brief summary of what has been developed in your work or essay is made. It is important to provide a global approach to the topic and emphasize the main thing. By doing so, the reader’s mind is refreshed and brought up to date with the argument for which the text was produced.
Do not repeat phrases, rather rephrase ideas to allow for deeper understanding.
In the case of being the conclusion of a thesis, it must be specified if the solution of the described hypothesis was reached or not. It indicates what was right or wrong in the process and propose other research alternatives.
New ideas that have not been explained in the development of the text are not discussed. The conclusion summarizes what has been developed throughout the text. If you have new ideas, dedicate a few paragraphs in the development to explain it better. The last sentence should leave a sense of closure. Do it with a positive tone. Try to demonstrate the importance of your ideas or the theme you have developed. Make the reader have learned something or feel happy to have read your text.

Ways to make a conclusion

There are several ways you can approach a conclusion. Here we explain several:

Conclusion focused on the “why”

When writing your conclusion this way, ask yourself why what you are summarizing is important. For example:

Education is important to society. Because?
It is important because it allows citizens to have better jobs. Because?
Because in this way poverty and the negative consequences that it entails, such as addictions or crime, are reduced.

Conclusion going back to the introduction

Another way of drawing the conclusion is to go back to what was explained in the introduction, to close a circle:

If in the introduction you described a problem or a situation, you can make the conclusion with the same problem or situation. But you do not explain the same thing, but you summarize what the development of the text has explained about that situation or problem. Refer to the introduction using the same words or ideas. But not using the same phrases.

Example of conclusion going back to the introduction:

Introduction: We will evaluate if transit GPS will cease to exist in a short term.
Conclusion: Without a doubt, GPS will be around for many more years. (returning to the first approach)because they are widely used today and have helped humanity a lot as a technological advance.

Conclusion as a simple summary

Perhaps the simplest way to conclude a paper is simply by summarizing what you have dealt with in the development of the text. Don’t repeat things with the same sentences, try to leave the reader with a deeper understanding of the topic.

Conclusion with provocative or stimulating point

Another way to end your paper or essay is to conclude with something provocative or thought-provoking related to the topic of your paper. For example, if the work has been about the coronavirus, you could end up with the idea of ​​»taking these points into account, it will be necessary to investigate more to find out the true origin of the virus.»

Course of action or solution

This way of making the conclusion proposes solutions for the problems that have been explained in the work. A brief summary of what was discussed in the development of the text is made and finally solutions are given. For example: «to solve these pollution problems in Latin America, treaties can be made between countries, include environmental education subjects in schools and impose strong sanctions on people who do not respect the laws to protect nature.»

Conclusion with analysis/suggestion

Depending on the text prepared, the opinion or recommendation of the author is necessary. In this case, the writer can make a brief analysis of his own and, if necessary, offer some suggestion to the reader.
For example: “After studying the advances in GPS software, we can say that they are a very useful tool. You are invited to enter the application that your smartphone has and see the benefits that can be obtained”.

conclusion with analogy

You may decide to make your conclusion with an analogy. To do this, what you should do is compare the content created with some other circumstance that is similar.
For example: «And yes, undoubtedly, we are social beings. Away from human groups we are like fish out of water”.

predictive conclusion

For this case, future advances of the information you handle at work can be placed. In this case, you rely on technologies that are currently being developed and that will mean a possible change in the subject in the coming days or years.
For example: «Ihe progress in global positioning systems continues, satellites are becoming more and better; many are the countries that are investing to improve the experience of the tourists who visit them. The scope that we describe today will fall short of what can be done in a few years.”

conclusion by appointment

It is possible to use famous quotes in the conclusions. It is recommended that they be from the developed area, this will give a high degree of seriousness. This information will be a good complement and will help learning the subject.
For example: Based on what has been stated and on the evidence obtained, it can be said that music intervenes in the training process of children and adolescents in a positive way. As Plato would say: «Music is for the soul what gymnastics is for the body.»

conclusion with question

The conclusion can also be made by formulating a question. By asking the reader questions, you can persuade them to make a decision about the topic. This in turn generates momentary doubts that can be clarified in the development of the conclusion. It is for more informal use.
Example: And what will happen when artificial intelligence replaces teachers in schools?

Steps to make a conclusion

Now we explain how to make a conclusion step by step, with the form of «conclusion with stimulating point». You can choose any form of those already explained, although keep in mind to make a beginning of the introduction, a body and an end.

We propose a simple example for a job on «the current consequences of climate change». But keep in mind that your conclusion will have to adapt to what you have developed in your article/essay/work.

Step 1-Choose a way to make your conclusion

First you have to choose a way to make your conclusion. You can choose one of those described in the previous point of this article.

Step 2-Start the conclusion

To begin a conclusion, it must begin with a sentence that locates the reader. Avoid very hackneyed phrases such as «we can conclude» or «in conclusion».
Example: «Climate change is getting worse; As predicted, it is having serious negative consequences around the world.”

Step 3-Summarize the main idea (body of the conclusion)

You can continue writing the main idea of ​​your essay or article.
It should be done without repeating information or extending.
The most important thing is summarized, trying to leave a deeper idea in the reader.
Example: «The most serious effects that we are already experiencing are the melting of the poles and the loss of habitable territory, especially on the islands of the Pacific Ocean.»

Step 4-Finish the conclusion

The conclusion is finished in a simple way, trying to make the reader see that your topic is important, with a good attitude and letting them know that it was worth reading your article or essay. Example: “What will happen when these effects begin to be felt on the coasts of Mexico? It is possible that then we begin to act, we still have time.

To avoid in a conclusion

Avoid these points when making your conclusion:

Make the conclusion with a typical phrase that has surely been used millions of times, such as «in summary», «closing», «as we explained in the essay», «in conclusion. Explain the main idea of ​​your work for the first time. Include evidence, data, hypotheses or studies that should have been included in the development of the work. Being emotional or dramatic. Explain a new idea or subtopic. Too short a conclusion. For example: «In conclusion, Alexander the Great, as it has been developed, was a pioneering conqueror who wanted to unite the West and the East.»

Examples of conclusions

Here are some examples of conclusions:

coronavirus impact

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