9 julio, 2024

Hetero-evaluation: what it is, characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, examples

What is the heteroevaluation?

The heteroevaluation It is a process of valuing the work or knowledge of a student by agents with a different status from their own, who do not fulfill their same function. For example, the evaluation that a teacher makes of a student. This is a technique opposed to peer evaluation, in which two students in the same category rate each other’s performance.

Hetero-evaluation is one of the scoring techniques most used in the educational system, although it can also occur in other contexts, such as Selectivity tests or those for access to an institution.

The heteroevaluation has advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it is a supposedly objective measure, since personal biases should not come into play when deciding the qualification of another individual. Thus, when done correctly, an assessment done in this way can be extremely informative.

On the other hand, it is very difficult for one person to take into account all the factors that influence the performance of another. For this reason, fundamental aspects such as the personal characteristics of the individual, their circumstances or the relative progress they have made in their learning are often ignored.

Characteristics of the hetero-evaluation

It takes place between people of different status. In this case, the evaluation is done by an external party, such as the teacher or professor. It can also happen the other way around, that students evaluate the performance of their teachers, as is done in institutes and universities.
It can occur in various contexts. can apply for an external observer to the evaluation process, as would be the case of the Selectivity tests to access a university, or in less formal settings, such as in the entrance tests to an artistic school.
tends to be objective. Although this does not always happen, one of the characteristics is that the rating is given objectively, avoiding bias as much as possible. In order to guarantee objectivity, hetero-evaluation is generally carried out through standardized tests, such as exams or evaluation of written work. In areas where the tests are more subjective, a court is usually used to ensure the greatest impartiality in the final grade.
A comparative measurement can be made. It allows to compare the performance of the evaluated individual with certain standards or with the performance of other individuals in similar situations. This can help identify how you are doing in relation to your peers or set expectations.
feedback is constructive. It provides valuable and constructive feedback to the person being evaluated, since by drawing on the experience and knowledge of the evaluator, they can identify areas for improvement and highlight strengths that the individual himself might not easily perceive.

Objectives of the hetero-evaluation

The main objective of the hetero-evaluation is to determine in the most objective way possible if a person has correctly carried out his work or his obligations, or if he has acquired the knowledge that he was supposed to achieve adequately.

This objective is common to that of all other forms of evaluation that exist. However, the hetero-assessment is different, because it is attempted to be carried out in such a way that the views or biases of the examiner cannot influence it. To achieve this, he cannot have the same social position as the examinee.

Generally, the hetero-evaluation is done with the added objective of telling the people examined what they should improve on and how they can do it. In this sense, it should be a positive process that helps students in their own intellectual and personal development.

Advantages of hetero-evaluation

The main advantage is that when done properly, it is the most objective review process there is.
Examiners are usually experts in their field. This means that they are generally much better prepared to detect failures and areas for improvement, and to offer the people evaluated guidance on how they can change and what they can do differently next time.
It’s a whole process compatible with other similar, especially with self-assessment. Thus, even if a student receives feedback from a teacher, he can also (and should) examine his work for himself to detect where he needs to improve and what he has done well.
It is usually easier to do. This is because teachers already know how they should assess their students. In the case of similar processes, in which students are the ones who evaluate their peers or themselves, it is necessary to train them beforehand so that they can do it well.

Disadvantages of hetero-evaluation

examiners are not always objective with the person they are evaluating. ANDThis occurs, for example, when a teacher takes a liking to a student, or when students negatively evaluate their teachers due to personal problems.
requires more effort. To combat subjectivity, multiple choice exams are applied, but it means time to develop these tests, which requires considerable effort on the part of the examiners.
not always efficient. If a single person has to assess a large group of individuals, the time it takes to do so can be extremely long. The clearest example is given in the opposition processes, which can last days.

Examples of hetero-assessment

A university professor passing a multiple choice exam to his students, and then giving them the grade.
An evaluation made by the students of an institute about their teachers, which is then delivered to the director of the center.
A competitive examination in which a panel checks the knowledge and skills of a candidate, to see if they are suitable for the position or not.
An analysis of a restaurant or bar on a gastronomy website, made by a customer who ate there recently.
A professional critique of a film that has just been released in theaters.
A boss who evaluates the work of his subordinates. A recruitment interview in a company. A short story contest, where the jury chooses, according to shared literary guidelines, the best.

References

Co-evaluation, self-evaluation and hetero-evaluation. Retrieved from redsocial.rededuca.net.
Concept of heteroevaluation. Retrieved from es.slideshare.net.
Internal and external assessment. Retrieved from kiwifamilies.co.nz.

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