12 julio, 2024

Flora and fauna of Mendoza

The flora and fauna of Mendoza It is characterized by species such as malbec, alfalfa, Andean condor or vizcacha. Mendoza is the seventh largest province in Argentina, located in the central western region of the country, in the Cuyo area. Most of the grapes used in the nation’s wine industry are produced in this territory.

Arid and semi-arid ecosystems are located in this province, with sub-Andean ranges, foothills and foothills. To the east of Mendoza, the sandy plains with saline basins can be distinguished, where all the rivers flow, except the Rio Grande.

The climate is dry and sunny, with slightly cold winters and very hot summers. Mendoza is characterized by a great diversity in terms of flora and fauna, with species recognized as provincial natural monuments.

Flora of Mendoza

Malbec

Malbec is a variety of the purple grape used in the production of red wine. It is native to France, where it is known as côt. This wine variety, like all the others in its group, belongs to Vitis vinifera. In Argentina, the most valued Malbec wine comes from the high altitudes of Mendoza.

The plant is a liana with scaly bark, which could grow from 32 to 35 meters long. It has leaves arranged alternately, with palmate lobes. The clusters they form are medium-sized, highly compact. It is also characterized by having short peduncles.

The berries or grapes are large, rounded or elliptical, as well as having a uniform size. The epidermis of the fruit is thin and dark, and may be bluish-black. Regarding the pulp, it is soft and juicy.

Alfalfa (medicago sativa)

Alfalfa is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the Fabaceae family, being the second most important crop in Argentina.

It is an evergreen herb, erect or suberect, which can reach a height between 30 and 60 centimeters. The leaflets are 5–20 mm long and 3–10 mm wide. They have an obovate shape, in addition to having a toothed apex.

The inflorescence is in the form of a pedunculated raceme, where the petiole is shorter than the peduncle. The corolla is pale purple or lavender in color, 6-12 mm long.

This species constitutes one of the forage crops most used in cattle breeding, because it produces high quality dry matter and in large quantities.

Altepe (Proustia cuneifolia)

Altepe is a phanerogamous plant native to South America. This deciduous shrub, which is part of the Asteraceae family, can be up to 3 meters tall.

the branches of the Proustia cuneifolia end in thorns. The leaves are alternate and petiolate. Likewise, the blade is oblong, with a slightly indented or entire edge. The apex of this plant is sharp or rounded, ending in a point.

The inflorescence is open or racemose, with lilac-white flowers. Regarding the fruit, it is dry and indehiscent, with papus or white papus.

Denmoza (rhodacantha)

This cactus is a genus belonging to the Cactaceae family, native to the Argentine provinces of San Juan, Mendoza and La Rioja.

Its growth is individual, with cylindrical stems that could reach a height of up to 1.5 meters. It has around 30 ribs, characterized by being tall and wide. The first axillary buds, which are highly specialized, are confluent.

It has 8-10 radial spines, slightly bent and brownish-red. The areoles from which the flowers emerge also produce long brown bristles, similar to thorns.

The flowers are tubular, in scarlet tones. As for the fruits, they are spherical in shape, containing shiny seeds with a diameter of 1.3 millimeters.

Other species

Sage. Thyme. Jarilla. White carob. Mulberry. Ash tree. Acacia. Elm. white quebracho Chanar.

Fauna of Mendoza

Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)

This bird, belonging to the Cathartidae family, lives in South America. It is distributed in the Andes mountain range, in addition to being found on the coasts near the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. He Vultur gryphus It is considered a natural monument of the Argentine province of Mendoza.

The adult of this species is up to 142 centimeters tall and between 270 and 330 centimeters in wingspan. The male weighs from 11 to 15 kilograms. The female is smaller, weighing from 8 to 11 kilograms.

Pampas vizcacha (lagostomus maximus)

The pampas vizcacha is a rodent that belongs to the Chinchillidae family. It is a South American species, which lives in Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina, being located from the center to the north of Patagonia.

In the adult state, the male can weigh from 4.5 to 7.5 kilograms, unlike the female, which weighs between 2.5 and 4.2 kilograms. Its head is large, with small ears. In addition, it has a thick, flat snout at the front, where long, silky whiskers meet.

Pampas blind pinafore (Chlamyphorus truncatus)

This armadillo is a cingulate mammal, member of the Dasypodidae family. It lives in the central zone of Argentina, thus living in sandy plains with cacti and in hard grasses. He Chlamyphorus truncatus It is considered a natural monument of the province of Mendoza.

The size of this species is between 12.5 and 15 centimeters, with a tail of approximately 2.5 centimeters. When it is an adult, it can weigh around 90 grams. Its coloration is pale pink, in contrast to the hairs on its belly, which are white.

Other species

Patagonian fox. Guanacos. cougars. Andean hummingbird. Black necked swan. ferrets. Weasels. rheas. shock. Eagle dwells.

References

Mendoza, Province. Retrieved from en.wikipwdia.org.
Mendoza, Province. Recovered from britannica.com.

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