8 julio, 2024

Fauna of the Pacific region of Colombia: representative species

The animals of the Pacific region of Colombia They make up one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet. This area of ​​Colombia is characterized by having a tropical jungle climate, very rainy and highly humid.

Added to this, a multitude of species also inhabit its rivers, lakes and nearby ocean waters. Birds, small primates, amphibians, reptiles, insects, and small to medium-sized mammals are common.

There are several endangered species in the Pacific region, for this reason there are several national parks created with the purpose of protecting threatened fauna.

Characteristic animals of the Pacific region of Colombia

Many of the animals that live in this region have suffered from habitat loss in recent years.

Despite the fact that there are different parks and natural sanctuaries that aim to conserve these species, some are in critical danger.

However, the fauna is extremely varied and one of the richest in the world, and in recent years the ecotourismto precisely appreciate the animals of the Colombian Pacific up close, especially the humpback whales.

Jaguar

It is the third largest cat in the world and the largest that exists in the American continent.

It’s a super predator which is at the forefront of the food chain of its ecosystem. It has a very similar appearance to the leopard, although it has a much more robust and strong body.

Jaguars do not have natural enemies (with the exception of humans), however the destruction of their habitat and their hunting to take advantage of their skins have significantly reduced their population.

Toucan

This bird has a very striking morphology, with brightly colored feathers and a beak.

They are small animals that live in nests that they build in hollow tree trunks. They are omnivorous, feeding mainly on small fruits, berries, seeds, insects, eggs, and lizards.

golden poison dart frog

Also called poison dart frog, it is an amphibian found in Colombia and Panama, known for being one of the most poisonous animals in the world.

It reaches a size of about 7 centimeters and feeds mainly on ants and small mites.

Its skin is bright yellow, although there are specimens with green or orange skin.

It exudes a very powerful poison called batrachotoxin capable of causing respiratory paralysis. This lethal poison for humans in incredibly small doses (0.1 mg).

Hawksbill turtle

It is a sea turtle that is currently in critical danger of extinction.

It usually inhabits near coral reefs and in shallow waters, and can be found in various parts of the world, such as Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Indonesia.

It feeds mainly on sea sponges, although it can also consume sea anemones, jellyfish and algae.

The indiscriminate hunting of this animal for its consumption has caused a serious decline in its population, especially in Asia, where its meat is considered a delicacy.

Malpelo Lizard

Endemic species of the island of Malpelo, located 500 km from the Colombian Pacific coast.

It measures on average between 85 cm (females) and 105 (males) and feeds on the invertebrates found on the island: beetles, ants, crabs, snails, spiders, ticks and other insects. In turn, its biggest predator are birds, such as the Nazca gannet.

As a curiosity, it has the ability to regenerate members, such as the tail, lost by attacks or other accidents.

sea ​​cow

Along with dolphins, manatees are the most abundant marine mammals in the Pacific region. They are visible in rivers and freshwater lagoons, where they prowl imposingly with their 600 kilos of weight.

They spend most of the day searching for marine algae, which is the basis of their diet. This leads them to always be covered in their own algae and other molluscs. Although it is less common, it can also feed on fish and other marine creatures.

Humpback Whale

Humpback whales can be seen between July and November off the Colombian coast as part of their migration ritual. It is a huge mammal that can weigh up to 36 tons and measure up to 15-16 meters long.

They are usually sighted in the Pacific zone of Colombia because the warmth of its waters are used for mating, resting, and giving birth to their young.

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