7 junio, 2024

Expository paragraph: what it is, examples, parts, characteristics, types

What is an expository paragraph?

A expository paragraph It is that text that provides information on a certain topic or event without including personal or subjective opinions. They are paragraphs that convey objective information, knowledge of something.

An expository paragraph presents concepts and facts objectively. Its purpose is to communicate on a specific subject, in which the author in no case gives his opinions or expresses his thoughts. It is usually written in the third person.

Expository paragraphs only provide information without including subjective or persuasive comments. That is, they describe the events without trying to convince the reader.

Expository Paragraph Examples

Dolphins are marine mammals that, together with the sperm whale, porpoise and whales, are part of the cetacean family. They are located within the order of Odontocetes. There are 34 varieties of dolphins.

In what has been said, we will note that there is a series of concrete data. We learn that the dolphin is a marine mammal, it is a cetacean of the order Odontocetes, and that there are 34 varieties. Everything is concrete information and without room for opinions of any kind.

Other examples

The Constitution is the fundamental law of a State, with a rank superior to other laws. It defines the regime of the rights and freedoms of citizens and delimits the powers and institutions of the political organization.
Cement is a binding substance, formed by a combination of clay and limestone, previously burned and then ground, which has the property of hardening when it comes into contact with water. It is used daily in the construction of various infrastructures. It has several types. The Moon is the only natural satellite that the Earth has. Its equatorial diameter is 3,474.8 km. Within the solar system, it is the fifth largest satellite, and the second most dense. It shows the same face towards the Earth, due to its synchronous relationship with it. The visible face presents lunar maria of volcanic origin. The nail is a structure formed mainly by dead cells that contain keratin. It is generally convex and forms part of the skin, located in the distal areas of the fingers. They can take various forms: sharp and elongated, like the claws of some animals, or like the hooves of ungulates. They grow at an average rate of 0.1 mm/day. Wine is a drink made from grapes, in which the juice or must is fermented. This fermentation is produced by the metabolic action of yeasts, transforming the natural sugars of the grape into ethanol and gas (in the form of carbon dioxide). Both sugar and grape acids are enough to generate this fermentation.

Parts of an expository paragraph

Expository texts have a structure: introduction, development and conclusion.


It is an explanation about the topic of the text, to arouse the interest of the reader.


More data and ideas are provided that will make up the paragraph. It is the most important part of the text.


It summarizes the fundamental aspects of the topic, with a brief summary.

structure example

The ant is a small invertebrate found throughout the world, with the exception of the polar regions.

There are more than 12,000 species identified worldwide. Like wasps and bees, they are eusocial and belong to the order Hymenoptera.

They are considered invasive species, since they have established themselves in areas that are not their habitat.

Characteristics of the expository paragraph

Expository paragraphs must contain clear linguistic characteristics:

They must use impersonal and declarative sentences.
Preferably, use the indicative mood, with the conjugation in the present, since the information exposed is always true, regardless of the temporal plane in which it is found.
Use of connectors as speech computers, explanatory.
Use of resources such as comparisons, definitions, enumerations, examples.
In the school environment they are known as informative paragraphs. Its main function is to transmit information, but it not only provides data, but also adds explanation, gives examples and analogies.

Types of expository paragraph

Informative expository paragraph

Informative expository paragraphs are texts of general interest for an audience with no prior knowledge on the subject. For example, lectures, textbooks, and others.

Specialized expository paragraph

The specialized expository paragraphs not only inform, but also try to make scientific aspects understood, and are for a more educated public on the subject. They therefore have greater syntactic and dialectical complexity. For example, scientific, legal, and other texts.


Expository Paragraph Example. Recovered from exampleof.com
Definition of Expository Paragraph. Recovered from definition of

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