8 junio, 2024

Explanatory comma: what it is, characteristics, uses, examples

What is the explanatory comma?

The explanatory comma is the one used to enclose the explanatory paragraphs of a sentence. A subsection can be a word, phrase or sentence that has the function of explaining or adding information.

The paragraphs cut the logical sequence of the text. At the syntactic level, these explanatory commas are equivalent to parentheses and hyphens or dashes.

look at these examples: The babies, all newborns, they were crying at the same time / The hair, short and straight, it covered half of his face / Literature, an important artistic manifestation, allows understanding of different cultures.

In general, the comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a short pause in speech. It is also used to mark a separation of shorter phrases or members of a sentence or clause.

In particular, the explanatory comma separates words or short phrases that are not essential, but that help a better understanding of the text.

They are called explanatory because what they contain offers an explanation or clarification. This explanatory extension is an additional dispensable complement within the discourse.

Characteristics of explanatory commas

– It is only used in the case of explanatory paragraphs, and not in the specific ones. These are recognized, since their omission does not significantly affect the meaning of the sentence.

– Regarding the explanatory clauses, one of the most frequent cases is explanatory appositions. These consist of nouns or noun phrases that complement or modify another noun without there being a link: Madrid, capital of Spain, it is beautiful.

– Explanatory adjective subordinate clauses are common. These fulfill the function of adjective and are introduced by the relative pronoun that. An example of this type of proposition is: Madrid, that i visit every summer, it is beautiful.

– Another characteristic is that they briefly interrupt a story. This interruption serves to clarify, specify or expand something that has been discussed.

– Equivalent to parentheses and hyphens or dashes. Thus, it is also valid to say Madrid (which I visit every summer) is beautiful either Madrid –which I visit every summer– is beautiful.

Uses of the explanatory comma

The explanatory comma is used to separate incidental elements or that serve to make clarifications. These elements interrupt the main sequence by adding important information, but not necessary to understand the text.

In fact, this information can be omitted without significantly affecting the meaning of the sentence.

If this paragraph is at the end of the sentence, only an explanatory comma is placed. While if it is in another position, then two are used: one at the beginning of the explanatory phrase and another at the end. The following sentences explain this usage:

He began his conference by thanking Luis Salazar for his support, event organizer.
The speaker began by thanking Luis Salazar, event organizer, for the support provided.

In both cases, the explanatory paragraph is the apposition event organizer, which serves to clarify who Luis Salazar is. This paragraph can be omitted without affecting the meaning of the text. In this case, the sentences would be:

He began his conference by thanking Luis Salazar for his support.
The speaker began by thanking Luis Salazar for his support.

In addition, as can be seen in both examples, the explanatory comma –with its corresponding paragraph– must be placed immediately after the noun it is modifying.

Examples of sentences with explanatory comma

– The woman, tired, he looked back at her.

– Juan Rodriguez, the department head, gets married next week.

– Let’s eat and drink today, that tomorrow we will die.

– Food, very spicy, it was very expensive

– Mexico, america country, He is a Spanish speaker.

– The exercise, done on a regular basis It is good for health.

– I went to the cinema yesterday, very modern, and saw a movie.

– Caracas, Venezuelan capital, It has about 3.5 million inhabitants.

– My pet, that has been with me for years got sick.

– Elizabeth and Ferdinand, The Catholic kings, promoted the unity of Spain.

– The Castilian, derived from Latin, It is spoken in many countries.

– Horse, highly strung, whinny.

– Juan and MariaTogether for three years they got married yesterday.

– This roastthe best I have eaten in my life, Facundo did it.

– John Lennonof the Beatles, he was assassinated in 1980.

–Arthur Rimbaudyoung French poet, wrote A season in hell.

– Leonardo da Vincithe most complete man of the Renaissance, painted the Mona Lisa.

– Athenadaughter of Zeus, She is the Greek goddess of wisdom, civilization, war and justice.

– The Milky Wayour galaxy, it is spiral shaped.

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