17 julio, 2024

Economic activities of Zacatecas

The main economic activities of Zacatecas They are tourism, mining and agriculture, as well as the tertiary sector (commercial and provision of services). The generation of economic resources to cover the needs of the population depends to a greater extent on these.

Zacatecas is a state of Mexico that is characterized by having large deposits of silver and other minerals, by its colonial architecture and by being the birthplace of great people who marked the history of the Mexican Revolution.

In a territorial extension of 75,040 km², Zacatecas is home to 4 geographic regions with marked contrasts (climate, vegetation, soil, and fauna). This allows mining, agricultural and livestock exploitation as a fundamental part of its economy.

The most important economic activities in Zacatecas

1. Mining

It is the economic activity par excellence in the region. Zacatecas is the main silver producer worldwide and the first zinc producer in Latin America.

The extraction of these minerals is mainly concentrated in the municipalities of Fresnillo and Sombrerete.

One of the difficulties that mining in Zacatecas suffers is that the added value of the production is carried out outside the region. This reduces the activity to the single extraction, contributing only 5% to the state GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

Additionally, within this category, the extraction of gold, mercury, lead, iron, antimony, salt, bismuth, copper, quartz, onyx, kaolin and cadmium also stands out.

2. Agriculture

Zacatecas has important geographical areas suitable for agriculture, using approximately 1,303,564 hectares in this activity. It is the first national producer of beans, forage oats and chili.

In addition, this Mexican state is a relevant producer of corn, barley, sorghum, onion, garlic, nopal, peach, alfalfa, guava and maguey.

3. Livestock

In Zacatecas, livestock depends fundamentally on cattle, although sheep, pigs, goats, horses, gallinaceous birds and turkeys are also produced.

4. Fishing

Despite not having coastlines, the capture of aquaculture products such as tilapia, catfish, carp and bass stands out as an important economic activity in the region.

5. Forestry

Obtaining timber forest products is also a primary economic activity characteristic of Zacatecas.

Basically, pine and oak stand out in this category.

6. Manufacturing

Within secondary activities, manufacturing is a growing economic sector.

Especially the food, beverage (brewing) and tobacco industries, followed by the metal products, machinery and equipment industry.

7. Trade

The tertiary activity of commerce in Zacatecas has 48,257 companies that employ 174,368 people.

The annual salary of workers in commerce in this state is 72,211 Mexican pesos, a lower figure than the average received by workers in other states of the country, which is 99,114 Mexican pesos.

8. Tourism

Zacatecas colonial communities have special international recognition, which makes them a valuable tourist attraction, especially the city of Zacatecas, Guadalupe, Fresnillo, Sombrerete and Jerez de García de Salinas.

The most frequented tourist sites in Zacatecas are:

The Historic Center of Zacatecas and the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, both declared by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.
The magical towns: Jerez de García de Salinas, Teúl de González Ortega, Sombrerete, Pinos, Nochistlán de Mejía
The archaeological zones: There are more than 500, being La Quemada and Altavista the most recognized.


Quarterly Indicator of State Economic Activity. Retrieved from inegi.org.mx.
Economic and State Information Zacatecas. Recovered from gob.mx.

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