10 julio, 2024

Economic activities of Tamaulipas

Between the economic activities of Tamaulipas agriculture, livestock, fishing, industry or tourism stand out. Tamaulipas is a Mexican state that has a privileged location for different economic activities. It is located in the northeastern part of that country and has a wide coastline.

Likewise, it has a border with the United States, through which 30% of the total commercial exchange of the Latin country passes.

The climate of Tamaulipas varies according to the geographical area. Thus, in the southeast it is humid, while in the highlands and the mountains it is dry. Similarly, the temperature changes according to the time of year and location. This oscillates between 15 °C and 28.5 °C.

The foregoing results in a favorable environment for various economic activities. Below is a brief review of important economic activities in Tamaulipas.

Economic activities of Tamaulipas

Agriculture and Livestock

The aforementioned characteristics make Tamaulipas propitious for a diversity of crops.

These include corn, sorghum, wheat and cotton. Similarly, in its central area and to the south, citrus and sugar cane crops predominate.

The semi-warm and somewhat dry climate in the north and center of Tamaulipas is suitable for livestock. This is oriented to the production of meat and milk, as well as the breeding of draft animals.

Production partly goes to other parts of Mexico and partly to the United States. In addition, there is significant pig, sheep and poultry farming.


The presence of extensive coastlines in Tamaulipas provides an ideal environment for fish farming. Due to the existence of rivers and lagoons, the species that are part of this industry are both freshwater and saltwater.

The varieties product of the fishing activity are mainly the corvina, the drum, the oyster, the shrimp and the famous crab. The importance of aquaculture in Tamaulipas is enormous, which is why it has eight fishing offices.

The manufacturing and petrochemical industry

The petrochemical industry has an important place in this Mexican state. The presence of deposits, both oil and gas, allows intense mining activity and hydrocarbon processing.

There are refineries in Madero and Ciudad Reynosa, as well as a network of oil pipelines.

As for mining, it is mainly focused on the extraction of zinc, lead, asbestos and phosphorite. The municipalities of San Carlos, Bustamante, Llera, Victoria and San Nicolás are protagonists in this regard.

As for industrial activity, it is primarily of the maquiladora type. Likewise, there are industries in the field of electrical systems for the automotive sector.

The tourism

The geographical configuration offers the possibility of ideal scenarios for tourist enjoyment. The presence of wide coastlines and beaches with gentle waves result in an unparalleled attraction. Bagdad Beach, for example, is famous in this regard.

Additionally, the area is conducive to ecotourism. The El Cielo Biosphere Reserve is paradigmatic.

In addition, there is a whole variety of tourist sites such as the Cathedral of Nuestra Señora del Refugio, the Teatro de la Reforma and the Reynosa Cathedral, among others.

Other activities

Trade. Services. Construction. Real estate services. Sport hunting and fishing.


Alvarado Mendoza, A. (2004). Tamaulipas: society, economy, politics and culture. Mexico: National Autonomous University of Mexico.
Coll-Hurtado, A. (2005). Economic Geography of Mexico. Geography Institute-UNAM.
Tamaulipas, Mexico. Retrieved from nationsencyclopedia.com.

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