16 julio, 2024

Descriptive plot: what it is, characteristics, function, types and examples

What is the descriptive plot?

The descriptive plot It is a type of textual structure that presents information through the characteristics, qualities, and details of the people, things, and events involved in the story. That is, it describes what is seen, felt or experienced.

With the descriptive plot the perception of the sensory world is expressed. That is to say, it consists of a meticulous detail in the approach of the material and sensitive, from touch, smell, taste, hearing and sight.

The frames are the ways in which the language is adapted to transmit the information, message or concepts of the texts. This type of organization determines how events in the story are told.

That message can be written, oral, and even visual, depending on the form of communication that is chosen. This type of plot, the descriptive one, can characterize an entire text or be housed in the middle of a more complex literary fabric.

In the descriptive plot the text is organized following a record of data, features and details. It applies to people, objects, sequence of events, spaces and sensations.

Its resources are enumeration, detail, representation, comparisons to allude to other mental images of the reader, contrast, and the creation of context or environment.

Descriptive plot function

The function of the description is to detail and show. It focuses on how things are and how they happen. To do this, he exposes with words characteristics or qualities of the reality that he is representing.

For this reason, he makes special use of qualifying adjectives, which will allow him to contribute certain qualities.

These give information about the location, composition, quantity, size, color, variation in time, age and other conditions that things may have permanently or temporarily.

Characteristics of the descriptive plot

Use the qualifying adjectives (which are the predominant ones), which contribute to creating the climate. It uses sensory images, which are those that are perceived through the senses: shape and color, texture, smell, taste or sound. It is common in literature and scientific texts. Depending on the texts, adjectives will be subjective or objective: in literature, they will be subjective, and in scientific texts, objective. It is an important part of any text, which helps its understanding.

Types of descriptive texts

Descriptive texts are of two types: technical and literary.

In the technicians, objectivity prevails, that is, the author will not intervene or present his point of view.

It gives the sensation of being a more objective approach because it shows and tells things as they are. However, the truth is that in the descriptive plot the facts are told as the author sees or perceives them.

On the other hand, there is the literary descriptive text. In it the author is allowed to present his vision and represent his reality. They are clearly more subjective than the first.

Descriptive plot texts serve not only to know how things are, but also to locate them. The content is located in a culture, temporal space, in a locality, etc.

Examples of descriptive plot

In life there are numerous examples of how wide and complete a descriptive plot is. When reading the image of a well-detailed crime scene, the description will suffice to know what happened.

If you tell a doctor about the sensations you have, and also check for other signs by means of medical devices, the description of symptoms is enough to make a diagnosis.

In both cases something happens: someone has been murdered, and there is a disease in progress. We discover these events as the text progresses thanks to the details of the description.

However, the descriptive plot can include actions by themselves or ignore them, but the weight of the structure falls on the details that provide information.

Other examples

The description given at the beginning of Don Quijote of La Mancha, by Miguel de Cervantes, presenting the central character. All the stories of HP Lovecraft, where the description creates the atmosphere of terror. Almost the entire production of Edgar Allan Poe. NASA texts that describe how the stars or planets are. botanical texts.

References

Types of texts. Recovered from uaeh.edu.mx
Types of texts. Recovered from ittizimin.edu.mx
Structures and functions of speech. Retrieved from discourses.org.

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