6 junio, 2024

Culture of the Andean region of Colombia

The culture of the Andean region is consolidated from the meeting of three civilizations; the black, the European and the indigenous. In the Andean region are the main Colombian cities and cultural regions as rich as Paisa, Santandereana, Cundiboyacense, Vallecaucana, Opita and Pastuso.

Most of the cultural characteristics of Colombia would begin to consolidate after the Spanish colonization, since they exercised an almost absolute dominance that lasted in all aspects of social life.

It will also be Catholicism, a religion established by the Spanish, a primary factor in the culture of Colombia and the entire Andean region.

Main cultural features of the Andean region

The Colombian Andean region covers a wide territory. This allowed common cultural traits to be consolidated, but also allowed each department to maintain its identity.

The identity traits of each of the Andean regions were derived from factors as varied as, for example, the place of origin of the colonizer.

Depending on the region of Spain from which they arrived, their cultural traits would present variations and would even become noticeable in the formation of dialects.

From there it is derived that in the Andes one speaks of cultural regions and even of dialects such as Paisa Spanish, Pastuso or Serrano Andean Spanish, Tolimense, Condiboyacense or Bogotano Rolo Spanish.

Artistic manifestation

The Andean region, containing the main cities of Colombia, has been the epicenter of the most important artistic manifestations and has seen the birth of the great characters of letters, literature and art.

A peculiarity of the art of the Andean region was that it was maintained for several centuries from the 16th to the 19th century without many variations.

The cause is attributed to the fact that, due to its geographical location, it remained relatively isolated and without much contact with the trends that were emerging.

The art of the colonial period was closely related to religion. In reality it served as an instrument for the spread of the Catholic faith. The paintings and the religious (churches) and civic architecture stand out from this period.


With respect to literature, important figures have made very valuable contributions such as Jorge Isaacs, a native of Cali, or Gabriel García Márquez, who, although he is not Andean by birth, develops his literary work from Bogotá.

In the field of music and dance, the most important contributions have come from this region. The bambuco, his most significant tune and dance, served as the basis for the construction of multiple rhythms.


The Andean region of Colombia is also known for its gastronomic culture. Its gastronomy has spread throughout the world and the dishes from that area serve to represent Colombia.

They highlight the bandeja paisa, the ajiaco, the changua or Andean pinch for breakfast, ground corn arepas, corn wraps, sancocho paisa, pork cannon.


The Andean region has multiple events throughout the year, some of which are highly recognized nationally and even internationally. The Candelaria Festival, the Black and White Carnival, the Cali Fair, the Silleteros Parade or the Manizales Fair could be reviewed.

Black and White Carnival

Cultural Heritage of Colombia, it is celebrated between January 5 and 7, being a representation of the arrival of the Three Wise Men, specifically King Baltasar, protagonist of this famous carnival.

Cali Fair

One of the most important fairs in Colombia. In it, events are held around the most popular music in the country, in addition to tasting the favorite dishes and drinks of the people of Cali.

Candlemas Festival

Religious festival in which the image of the saint is venerated. It is celebrated on February 2 and is of Spanish origin.


Although this type of event is generating more and more division among citizens, there is still a large group of fans in Colombia. In the Andean region we can find some of the largest bullrings in the country, such as the La Macarena bullring (now also an entertainment center) in Medellín or the Manizales bullring, both with more than 15,000 seats.

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