7 junio, 2024

Craft production: what it is, characteristics, process, techniques, examples

We teach you what an artisan process is, its characteristics, techniques and differences with the industrial process. Finally we explain its advantages and disadvantages, and we give several examples of artisanal processes.

What is the artisan process?

He handmade process They are the stages used in artisan production, to make artisan products, such as clothing, ornaments, tableware or costume jewellery. It does not require advanced technology, since it is based on techniques and practices that in many cases come from a cultural heritage that is transmitted from generation to generation, forming part of collective and community learning.

In this type of process no chemical or industrial materials involvedbut focuses on the use of raw materials from nature, resulting in unique objects that demonstrate the manual skills of those who produce them.

Its value lies in the work it requires and in the fact that with this procedure products are made directly by people involved in all phases of creationunlike industrial processes that mainly involve machines, generating serial objects that do not differ from each other.

Characteristics of artisanal processes

– They are carried out at small scalewith small amounts of raw materials and little labor.

– Require manual skills that are transmitted from person to person and that endow the objects produced with both aesthetic and functional qualities.

– Usually require a longer processing time than objects that come from industrial processes.

– They carry historical, cultural and utilitarian values associated with an era, a civilization and a particular identity.

– They stand out for the creativity manifesting in them and because they fit easily in small markets.

– When using them generates less pollution and environmental impacts than those produced by industries or large-scale production.

– To put into practice do not need a large investment capital.

General phases of craft production

Materials selection: the materials or raw materials that are going to be used for the elaboration of the products are chosen and collected. These materials are cleaned, preparing them for production. Once ready, they are subjected to different procedures so that they work well in the object creation phases.
Production: the materials are used to produce unique pieces, using various techniques, according to the type of objects and the functionality they entail.
Detailed parts: at the end of the production phase, each one of the pieces is detailed, either with the application of enamels, eliminating residues or adding elements that improve the appearance of the products.
Final steps and storage: depending on the type of production, there are pieces that require drying or cooling, while others can be taken directly to storage or packaged for later sale and/or exhibition.

Craft production techniques

pottery: eIt’s the art of making pots or other objects of baked clay.
Woodworking: eIt is the trade where wood and its derivatives are worked to make products.
embroidery: eIt is the artisan process in which they carry out ornamentations on a flexible surface, generally a cloth, through textile threads.
Blacksmithing: eIt is the technique of carving objects with iron or aluminum.
jewelery: eIt’s the art of creating adornment products that imitate jewels, made with non-precious materials.
cabinetry: eIt is the trade of working ebony and other fine woods to build quality furniture and other objects with them.
Goldsmith: eIt is the artisanal process by which artistic objects are made from gold, silver and other precious metals, or their alloys.
Saddlery: eIt is the technique through which belts and other leather straps and objects are made.
Ceramic: et is the art of making pots or other elements of clay, earthenware and porcelain by action of heat.

Differences between artisan process and industrial process

Manual production method.

Use machines and technology.

Use natural raw materials.

It uses processed raw materials.

Its production is limited.

Its production is massive.

It is creative, historical and carries cultural value.

It lacks originality and carries no cultural value.

Its level of contamination is low.

It is more polluting and often makes use of non-renewable resources.

It requires more preparation time.

The processing time is shorter, so it is considered more efficient.

Advantages of artisanal processes

Involve high quality raw materials that are carefully selected, so the products are usually better than those produced industrially.
allow the small community developmentproviding a livelihood for those who make pieces or craft products.
generate unique itemswith a great legacy and cultural value that do not have direct competition in industrial products that are produced in series.
Are environment friendlysince they do not require heavy machinery that emits pollutants, nor chemical products.
Show customs and traditions of the place where they are produced, forming part of their cultural identity and enriching the qualities of the place of production.

Disadvantages of artisanal processes

require longer processing timeTherefore, they are incompatible to satisfy a high-demand market.
Normally the commercialization of craft products is limited to one placefor the effort and cost involved in the transfer of the products.
the handmade pieces they are usually more expensivedue to the time it takes to make it and the quality of the raw materials used.
Sometimes the part quality can be variablebecause it depends on the ability of the person who makes them.
They require a pre training and to become familiar with the techniques, in order to produce a satisfactory product.

Examples of artisan products

Homemade fig jam.
Artistic stained glass windows manufactured by the Vitrolero studio.
Hand-bound recycled notebook.
Rocking chair made of pine wood, manufactured by a cabinetmaker.
Handmade silver jewelry.
Clay jars made in Tonalá, Jalisco.
Etruscan filigree earrings.
Hand embroidered kitchen napkin.
Chinese porcelain tableware.
Hand-bound poetry book.
Artistic blacksmithing made in Salamanca, Guanajuato.
Wixáric huaraches woven by hand.
Sourdough bread.
Blown glass glasses.
Handmade glass jewelry.
Hand carved walnut headboard.
Gold medallion.
Hand painted wallet.
Yucatecan Guayabera made in Tekit, Yucatan.
Handmade ceramic vase.

References

Craft production. Taken from biblat.unam.mx
Artisan process. Taken from fundacionunam.org.mx

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