8 junio, 2024

Computer Life Cycle: 9 Main Phases

He life cycle of a computer can be effectively programmed to get the most bang for your buck. Even the most specialized and high-tech machines quickly become out of date.

Older computers not only cause a drop in productivity, they also make life more difficult for their user. By understanding the key stages in a computer’s life cycle, you can plan for your acquisition.

It is also essential to identify the point at which it is no longer practical to continue maintaining the old technology.

Phases of the life cycle of a computer

1- Production

the life of hardware of a computer begins on the project board, in the offices of Lenovo, Dell or HP, among other companies.

These designs of hardware They become prototypes. After completing a series of complex tests, they head to the production line. Subsequently they are manufactured, packaged and distributed for sale to the final consumer.

2- Packaging

The packaging of a computer and its peripherals is very important to do it correctly because it is a dedicated material prone to be damaged by blows, humidity or inadequate environmental temperature.

To do this, a series of packages suitable for the structure of the computer are prepared, keeping it well attached and the security it requires so that it reaches its destination properly.

Normally the accessories go in a package, the computer in another box lined with bubble wrap and protective material, all fastened with zip ties (coated wire) and with empty space filled with cardboard paper.

3- Transportation

Once the packaging is perfect, a transport agency assigned to the computer developers will be in charge of picking up the product and taking it to the final destination. This may be a private client or a company dedicated to the distribution and final sale of computers and other computer products.

4- Planning and purchase

Purchasing a computer begins with the planning phase. The user defines the requirements he needs and selects the features and specifications that fit his needs.

Then the purchase phase begins. During this phase, the lowest possible price is generally sought.

5- Implementation

Once you have the new hardware, you need to install it. The first steps are to find a location for it, unpack it and connect the hardware of the new computer.

Once this is done, the computer configures itself with the software that it is used and the necessary data is copied or imported.

6- Operation or use

The operation phase makes up the majority of the computer’s lifespan. In this phase the computer is used for the purpose for which it was purchased.

The duration of this period can be extended by sensitive and careful use. It is recommended to make backups, and install antivirus and software updates. software.

7- Maintenance

Computer maintenance occurs at the same time as the operation phase. The machine needs periodic inspections of hardware and software. User training should also be considered.

8- Update

The updates of hardware they involve replacing components with newer parts. This increases the useful life of a computer, or enables it to perform new tasks.

Internal components such as RAM can be replaced. There is also the possibility of adding peripheral elements, such as external hard drives.

It should be noted that an update of hardware it is only justified if the cost is less than buying a new computer. In addition, it should extend the life of the computer for a reasonable period.

9- Withdrawal or disposal

All computers are retired from useful life. According to a study by the company Redemtech Inc., it is estimated that the total average life of a laptop is three years, and that of a desktop computer is four years.

The retirement stage involves dismantling the computer and making arrangements to discard the hardware. The latter can be done by selling or recycling. Another option is to keep the machine for future use of spare parts.

It is important to remember to clean your computer of all important data before disposing of its parts.

References

Editor (2017) How a Connected Lifecycle Solves Your Challenges. Redemtech Inc. arrow.com
Cara Garretson (2010) Pulling the plug on old hardware. 12/09/2017. Computer World. computerworld.com
Andy Walton (2017) Life cycle of a computer. 12/09/2017. Chron. smallbusiness.chron.com
Data Experts (2010) Computer Life Cycle Management and Migration. Kroll Ontrack. krollconrack.com
Editor (2013) The computer Life cycle. 12/09/2017. Computer Stories. computerstories.net

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