11 julio, 2024

Climate regions of Venezuela

The climatic regions of Venezuela are diverse, since this South American country is located in the Intertropical Zone. Its territory is influenced by the pressures of the equator and the trade winds.

This South American country is officially known as the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It is a central-federal republic that has 23 states and 72 federal dependencies.

Its limits are, to the north: the Caribbean Sea, to the south, Brazil and Colombia, to the east, Guyana and the Atlantic Ocean and to the west, Colombia.

Venezuela is considered to be one of the most diverse countries in terms of geography, since it is possible to divide its territory into nine natural regions. In fact, it has a hot and rainy climate most of the year.

However, some climatic differences can be appreciated due to the winds, the orography and the sea. The climate varies to a large extent due to the altitude, becoming visible in the temperature and thus achieving very different values.

Its average temperature in the year ranges from 24 °C to 27 °C in most of the national territory. In the west you can see 35 ° C annual average in dry zone. In other areas, such as the Venezuelan Andes, temperatures can range from 0 °C to 10 °C.

It is precisely the variety of climates in this country that makes possible the diversity in its landscapes, of exuberant beauty.

The Venezuelan climate: regions

The Republic of Venezuela is located in a tropical temperate zone. This country is characterized by having different climates, since in its territory there are various influencing variables, such as intensity, direction of the winds and topography.

In this way, in Venezuela it is possible to find an alpine climate, but also a humid tropical climate. In Venezuela, the rainy season is in the period between May and October, and the dry seasons are from December to April.

It could be said that the climate of Venezuela is divided into four temperate regions according to altitude: tropical, subtropical, temperate and cold.

1. Tropical region

This region is below 800 meters, from sea level to 300 meters. Here, the temperature oscillates between 26° and 35°C. Almost the entire country is included. The cities of Maracaibo, San Fernando de Apure, Barinas, San Carlos, Guanare and Ciudad Bolívar are some of the hottest.

2. Subtropical region

Located between 650 and 1,600 meters above sea level. The average annual temperature ranges from 18 to 23 °C. In this region we find the capital of the country, Caracas, the city of Mérida, some points in the south of the Bolívar state, San Cristóbal or Los Teques.

3. Temperate region

It is one that is between 1,600 and 2,400 meters above sea level. Its average temperature is between 13 and 18 °C. Many cities have this climate, such as some parts of Caracas, San Antonio de Los Altos, Galipán, El Junquito, Colonia Tovar, La Grita, the northern part of Mérida or La Puerta.

4. Cold region

This occurs at altitudes between 2,400 and 3,200 meters above sea level, with an average temperature between 8° and 13°C. The areas with this climate are the Venezuelan Andean páramos, the páramos of the Sierra de Perijá, or on the summits of the tepuis, in the Guayanese massif.

Likewise, the precipitations occur mostly between the month of June and the month of October (considered as the rainy season).

In addition, there is a polar, icy or glacial climate on the summits of the Bolívar peak and on the glaciers of the El León, Toro, Bonpland and Humboldt peaks.

climate classifications

intertropical climates

They are characterized by a temperature above 20 °C. Here it is not possible for the cold season and vegetation to occur. Here the type of equatorial climate stands out.

monsoon climates

Climates that present a large amount of precipitation in the year, which occurs especially in the summer months and suddenly, as showers.

In this type of climate, the tropical monsoon stands out, which tends to present a dry winter and a summer with abundant rains.

The latter usually has extremely hot summers with rainy precipitation, as well as a cold winter, and finally, monsoons in the temperate zone that have little rain and a dry winter season.

desert climates

What occurs most in this type of climate is a very important drought. There is almost no rainfall and there is low relative humidity. There are also thermal oscillations and no or very little vegetation. Here we find hot deserts and cold deserts.

temperate climates

The most important thing about this climate is the existence of two seasons. Here we find a temperate rainy climate with the presence of dry summer.

Cold weather

Here we find the polar and the subpolar. The most outstanding thing is that there are dry and harsh winters and that they have an average temperature below zero.

Types of climates

Rainforest climate

Present in the Amazon and southern Guyana. Here it is common to find intensity in rainfall and high temperatures during the course of the year, also there is no defined dry season.

tropical savannah climate

This climate is present in most of the Venezuelan territory. There are high temperatures throughout the year and there is a dry season when the period of little sun occurs, that is, from December to March.

Intertropical temperate climate

This climate is present in the highest levels of the Northern Cordillera, and in the middle levels of the Andes. It usually happens that one month a year the temperature is below 18 °C.

– Tundra climate: climate of Andean páramos such as Apartaderos and El Águila peak.

– Ice climate: they are polar climates. In the case of Venezuela, they are present in the Andean peaks, such as the Bolívar peak.

– Steppe and semi-arid climate: its main characteristic is dryness. It is present in the literal dry Venezuelan, such as Maracaibo and Barquisimeto.

– Desert climate: almost no vegetation. It is present in the isthmus of the dunes of Coro.

References

Maps of the world. Venezuela climate. Retrieved from mapsofworld.com.
Venezuela-Climate. Retrieved from nationsencyclopedia.com.

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