17 junio, 2024

Auxiliary sciences of biology and what they do

What are the auxiliary sciences of biology?

The auxiliary sciences of biology They are other disciplines that complement his development and that allow him to study living beings in a better way. This is due to the fact that knowledge is interdependent.

As biology encompasses life on Earth, living beings and human beings, other more specialized branches have derived from it. Within the history of each knowledge, its evolution has always been accompanied by other sciences.

In fact, from biology they have derived anatomy, biochemistry, ecology, genetics, medicine, taxonomy and many more, which are more specific fields of study.

The main auxiliary sciences of biology

1. Mathematics

This science is all encompassing and can be found associated with any knowledge due to its usefulness. This is because mathematics is a language, which can be applied to any other science. They are used to calculate variables such as weight, volume, mass, velocity, and more.

They are essential for studies or experiments in which it is necessary to know a certain rate, proportion, percentage or statistic.

2. Physics

As a science that studies natural phenomena, space, time, energy and matter, it intervenes in many other knowledge.

The relationship with biology is clear, since living beings are composed of matter, they manifest energy and are subject to natural laws. That implies that gravity, force, motion, and thermodynamics are always present.

Biophysics studies how energy flows, is distributed and is transformed in living beings. Likewise, life cycles and ecosystems are constantly subject to fundamental physical changes.

3. Chemistry

Very similar to physics, chemistry studies the processes related to matter, atoms, molecules, their structure and properties.

There are many chemical phenomena inherent to living beings, such as photosynthesis, homeostasis, respiration, blood circulation. When referring to the organic component of this science, it is linked to biology.

4. Geography

One of the bases for the theory of evolution is the geographic component between species. Location, movement, grouping, and environmental conditions are essential for biodiversity.

All this is related to the hydrographic basins, the types of climates, the types of soil, the periods of evolution of the Earth or the irregularities of the terrain, among other factors.

In this sense, biogeography deals with the distribution of living beings on the planet, their modification in relation to the habitat and the reasons for their current condition.

5. History

Although this science is based on facts, observations and records (which were previously less precise), it is still essential to any discipline.

Events over time reveal how the development of knowledge has been, its advances and perspectives. Evolution, which is a historical account of life on Earth, exposes the reasons for these events.

6. Technology

In its broadest sense, biology is nourished by elements such as specific programs, data processing, computers for simulations, and methods directly related to this field.

It is already common for experimental sciences to make use of all kinds of technological resources to carry out studies, experiments and confirm the theories that are proposed.

In addition, areas such as engineering, nanotechnology and bionics can be included, which have given rise to genetic engineering or biotechnology, which allows the manipulation of molecular processes.

7. Paleontology

The study of fossils has become the support that has shaped the various theories on the evolution of species. There is a very close relationship between the first living beings that inhabited the planet and those that came later.

Bones, geologic periods, ice ages, and climate changes give biologists and other experts clues to confirm or deny hypotheses.

8. Astrophysics

Related to outer space, planets, galaxies, cosmic events and what happens beyond Earth, it also has serious implications for life. The origin of the Universe is indivisible from everything that contains it, its formation processes and the laws that govern the stars.

9. Logic

Reasoning integrates all that science that seeks knowledge through concrete and precise premises. The establishment of the scientific method is common in many exact disciplines that try to solve specific problems.

Also, this branch of philosophy is used to optimize, correct and improve the steps that are carried out to establish or refute theories.

10. Ethics

Respect for life is an essential part of human rights and values ​​to preserve what surrounds us. Bioethics establishes the premises related to the treatment of people, animals and plants.

It is a code of conduct applied to researchers who handle techniques, technology and knowledge that should not be used to significantly alter natural processes.

11. Ethology

This science tries to decipher the causes of animal and human behavior in their different contexts. The relationship is unquestionable because it refers to the way of acting both in nature and in a domesticated environment.

12. Sociology

Societies represent a dynamic governed by cultural phenomena and their populations. This science, as an ally of biology, is responsible for establishing these relationships between individuals and their environment.

In this way, biosociology studies the grouping and formation of human and animal populations with respect to the biosphere.

13. Health Sciences

In this wide range are medicine, nursing, dentistry, nutrition, psychiatry, etc. Biology is an integral part of all of them to understand the processes, characteristics and elements of living beings.

Based on such knowledge, these disciplines are specialized fields that provide prevention, care, treatment, and cure for various conditions.

14. Pharmacology

The interaction of substances in various organisms is part of this science that is also related to medicine.

From a biological point of view, it is important to know what are poisons, drugs, antibiotics, among others, to know their effects and how they work. This allows the creation of drugs to treat various conditions associated with benign or malignant substances.

15. Agriculture

This science uses botany to learn about the most relevant characteristics of plants and how they can be used. The relationship with biology has allowed the creation of better farming methods, healthier foods and more efficient harvests.

16. Graphic arts

Whether through drawing, 2D and 3D images, or videos, this representation is essential for understanding disciplines such as anatomy, physiology, cytology, histology, genetics, and others.

17. Oceanography

Oceanography studies life in the sea. As an auxiliary science of biology, it focuses on the vital processes and interrelationships of marine organisms.

18. Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of the human being and its evolution. Its relationship with biology is useful, since it helps to establish how the ancestors of the world lived. Homo sapiens and the probable relationships between the other human species.

19. Museology

Biology and museums collaborate closely to disseminate scientific knowledge and preserve samples.

20. Optics

It is a branch of physics that studies light and allowed the development of microscopes, and in turn, the emergence of microbiology: the study of microorganisms.

21. Statistics

It is a branch of mathematics that studies the calculation of probabilities. It helps biology to calculate various parameters, and to deal with ecosystems and biological populations.

References

Auxiliary sciences of biology. Retrieved from slideshare.net.
Fields of study of biology. Recovered from biocab.org.
Branches of biology and auxiliary sciences. Recovered from cienciaybiologia.com.

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