7 junio, 2024

Argumentative plot: what it is, characteristics, structure and examples

What is the argumentative plot?

The argumentative plot It is the one used in a text to persuade and convince an audience of a particular issue, backed by critical reasoning and evidence. It is especially used in writing, where the writer seeks to prove, disprove, disprove or persuade the reader about facts or ideas.

In oral conversations, the argumentative plot is used daily in round tables, speeches and debates. For example, it could be used by a politician to defend the measures that he has proposed for his government.

Characteristics of the argumentative plot

Argumentation is considered a reasoning skill to think critically by means of claims supported by evidence.
The argumentative plot proposes an argument with beginning and end. This argument must be explicitly stated.
The main goal of the plot is to persuade the audience to consider a problem, generate solutions, justify ideas, and make logical decisions.
Generally, argumentation and exposition are used together. Exposition is based on showing ideas and facts without trying to convince the audience, while argumentation bases its argument on presenting ideas and facts, called evidence, to persuade.
The argumentative plot is widely used by scientists, philosophers, politicians, reporters and publicists.
The argument must support two points of view that present disagreement and opposition. Each approach must support the thesis with irrefutable information, definitions and contrast of ideas.
Both the text and the argumentative discourse require prior research where the author acquires, through evaluation, experimentation or interpretation, evidence that allows establishing a position in a concise and certain way.

Structure: text and argumentative discourse

Initially, the author exposes the importance of the subject, establishing the general characteristics with a neutral position. Next, he proposes the thesis, or argument, in a clear and concise manner.

The body of the text or speech focuses on the evidence acquired by the author. Generally, the ideas are presented individually and are directly related to the plot.

In the first part of the body, the topic is presented in depth and forms the basis of the speech. Facts, ideas, or evidence are explained in a specific way.

The argument is then supported by the supporting paragraphs. This complement to the argumentative plot strengthens the author’s point of view.

This is where the author must interpret the evidence acquired. The supporting content is considered the most relevant of the speech, since it justifies the reasons to persuade the audience.

In the argumentative plot, it is important to consider the point of view that opposes the author’s initial idea.

This information is presented as factual, logical or statistical evidence. The author then discusses how the evidence presented by the opposition is outdated or misinformed.

Finally, the speech and the argumentative text end with the conclusion. In addition to restating the argument, the author briefly summarizes the evidence and explains how the information supports the initial thesis.

This section synthesizes the information from the speech or text and leaves the last impression. Therefore, the conclusion is characterized by being immediate, effective and logical.

At the same time, it suggests additional research ideas to obtain more evidence to strengthen the thesis.

argumentative plot examples

Political speeches, where it is intended to convince voters of the qualities of the candidates. The gastronomic articles where they recommend certain restaurants, since the authors have gone and tried the food, and therefore they are sure that it is good. Opinion articles, where the author explains his point of view and argues it with facts and data. Master’s and doctoral theses, since in them their authors intend to prove or refute previous theses. Health prevention campaigns, in which doctors and researchers argue with data how early diagnosis helps cure and control diseases.


Bilingual encyclopedia. Discursive genres and textual texts: Argumentative plot.
Pérez, M. and Vega, O. (2003). Argumentative techniques. Editions Catholic University of Chile, Santiago.

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