8 junio, 2024

Anti-values: what they are, characteristics, examples, consequences

What are anti-values?

The anti-values they are beliefs, ideas and ways of behaving that lead to negative or harmful behaviors. In a society, these types of values ​​are not desired, since they have negative results for people and for coexistence.

Some of the most common examples of anti-values ​​include revenge, sadism, hatred, envy, irresponsibility, selfishness, laziness, or lack of respect for others. These attitudes have no value to society.

Anti-values ​​are the opposite of values. Values ​​can be defined as those positive attitudes that have good results for a society. In the moral framework of values ​​and anti-values, one can identify what is good and what is bad.

Characteristics of antivalues

– Anti-values ​​are qualities just like values, only these are negative and condemned by society. That is, they are the counterpart to the values.

– They are moral components.

– They are considered unnecessary and rejected by society, which is why laws, norms and penalties are established to combat them.

– They can be typical of people, but also of other living beings and objects.

– Each society or culture may give more importance to one anti-value than another. For example, lateness is viewed worse in Anglo-Saxon countries than Latin countries.

– There are cultures in which a type of anti-value can predominate and that is not even frowned upon. For example, in Nigeria, homosexual people can be imprisoned or sentenced to death. In this case, the nation makes a defense of an antivalue.

Notable Examples of Common Antivalues

1- Racism

Racism is discrimination and prejudice towards a person based on their race or ethnic group. The underlying ideology of racism often includes the idea that humans can be subdivided into distinct groups that would be different by their social behavior and innate abilities; which can be measured as lower or higher.

The Holocaust is a classic example of institutionalized racism that can lead to the death of millions of people past their race.

2- Selfishness

Egoism is the impulse to maintain and exaggerate positive views of a person; often includes an inflated opinion of oneself. An egotistical person has a great sense of the centrality of the «I» or of his personal qualities.

Selfishness means putting one’s own needs at the center of everyone, without any concern or consideration for others, including those considered near and dear.

3- Homophobia

Homophobia involves a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or toward people identified or perceived as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.

It can be defined as resentment, prejudice, aversion, hatred or antipathy towards that group of people and is usually based on irrational fear.

4- Violence

Violence is the intentional use of actual or threatened physical force or power against oneself, another person, another group, or another community that can result or has resulted in injury, death, psychological harm, or depravity.

5- Slavery

Slavery is any system in which the principles of property law are applied to human beings, allowing individuals to own, buy, or sell other individuals as a form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw from this agreement and works without pay.

The most common form of slave trade today is known as human trafficking.

6- Betrayal

Betrayal refers to the violation of an assumed contract or the violation of trust that produces a moral and psychological conflict within a relationship between individuals, between organizations or between individuals and organizations.

Many times betrayal is the act of supporting a rival group without regard to previously held loyalties.

7- Envy

It is the emotion that occurs when a person lacks some superior quality, achievement, or possession that another individual possesses, and thus wishes for the same or wishes that the other never had them in the first place.

8- Discrimination

It is the treatment or consideration, for or against, accorded to a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that individual or thing is perceived to belong. Discrimination often leads to the denial of privileges that are available to another group.

9- Exploitation

Exploitation refers to social relationships in which an actor or actors use other individuals for their own gain or personal interests in a fundamentally asymmetrical relationship of power.

Exploitation generally means taking advantage of another person due to their inferior position, giving power to the exploiter.

10- Impunity

It refers to the exception of punishment or the loss or escape of fines or sanctions. It is usually very common in countries that suffer from corruption or where compliance with justice is mild.

It is common for human rights violations to be committed in states where impunity rules.

11- Inequity

It usually refers to social inequality, or a lack of balance in which a minority does not have the same social conditions as another social group.

12- War

It is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme aggression, extraction, and mortality, using military forces or regular forces. It is the absence of peace.

13- Intolerance

It is the lack of acceptance or tolerance towards an object, action, or person that an individual dislikes or does not accept because they do not share their same ideals.

It is the opposite of tolerance, a state in which an individual allows another to have opinions or beliefs that are different from their own.

Historically, most events related to intolerance have to do with a dominant group viewing minorities as defectors.

14- Partiality

It is the opposite of impartiality; It refers to considering a situation exclusively from one’s own point of view.

15- Damage

It is any material or moral loss suffered by an individual. It is caused by a rule violation. The most common damages are verbal and physical aggression, acts of hate, and intimidation.

16- Disrespect

It refers to lack of respect or courtesy. It is treating a person with impoliteness, abruptness or rudeness.

17- Enmity

It is the act of considering an individual or a group as completely adverse or threatening to one’s own; It can be mutual or unilateral. It is completely the opposite of friendship.

18- Arrogance

It is the state in which an individual believes he is above others. An arrogant person may refuse to accept criticism or debate points of view.

19- Injustice

It refers to the opposite of justice. It is the denial or non-existence of norms or laws; acts that are not duly punished as the law dictates.

It can also be defined as the violation of a pact agreed between the law and man.

20- Dishonesty

It is the act of acting without honesty. It is used to describe a deceit or lie; refers to being deliberately deceitful in acts of corruption, treason or in acts that endanger integrity.

Dishonesty is the fundamental component of most offenses involving the acquisition or conversion of property defined in criminal law as fraud.


We can say that it is the absence of prudence or good sense when acting. Those who act recklessly do so on impulse, without thinking, without reflecting, without responsibility or without commitment.

When someone proceeds like this, they can make serious mistakes that will have serious consequences for their work, for those around them or for themselves.

22- Hypocrisy

We can say that acting with hypocrisy is acting falsely because feelings or attitudes contrary to what is thought are shown.

The hypocritical person works voluntarily and conscientiously to achieve a goal. For example, politicians on the campaign trail or religious ministers who preach what they don’t practice.

23- Hostility

Hostility can be given individually or collectively. It is a social emotional attitude linked to antipathy, resentment, disgust and indignation that leads to acting with aversion and aggressiveness, either physically or verbally.

The hostile person believes that the other’s behavior is provocative and that it goes specifically against him. This feeling leads him to reject him, make him uncomfortable or insult him.

24- Falsehood

Falsehood is defined as lack of authenticity or truth, either of a person or of an object. It is contrary to the truth and unreliable or misleading.

In relation to behavior in people, falsehood is the condition of those who lie and pretend to pretend what they do not have, to manipulate other people.

25- Hate

It is considered to be the aversion towards someone or something. Hate is seen as a negative value that wishes evil for the hated subject or object and that goes against love.

Hate causes repulsion towards a situation, person or object, generating the desire to avoid or everything that is hated.

26- Intransigence

It is the attitude that people show when they do not accept the behavior, the opinions of others or ideas different from their own, that is, they do not compromise with others.

An example of this type of anti-value is expressed in the phrase: «he showed his intransigent attitude by not allowing him to express his opinion in front of others so that he could defend himself.»

27- Indifference

It is considered anti-value as long as the person is not capable of feeling approval or rejection towards another being, or towards an object or a particular situation.

It is a kind of halfway point between appreciating or despising something or someone. And although it might seem harmless, since it does not take sides but remains in a neutral point, there are situations in which this type of behavior is inadmissible.

28- Irresponsibility

The anti-value of irresponsibility is expressed through the non-compliance of tasks and duties at home, in the group, at school or at work. This conduct is characterized by disorder, lack of consideration for others and little value assigned to the consequences generated by our actions.

29- Sloth

Laziness is an attitude of boredom, indifference, negligence or carelessness in our daily life or in carrying out a task.

They are called lazy, lazy, left and lazy people who avoid at all costs to carry out work, academic or any other type of activities.

30- Infidelity

Infidelity is considered anti-value because it not only leads to cheating and violating the couple’s moral norms, but it also means hurting another person when they are hurt or hurt.


Ignorance can be a problem if moral values ​​and human ethics are not known. That is, it is the antivalue of not knowing the positive values.

32- Disloyalty

Lack of loyalty is the null commitment of an individual to anything or anyone. It is an anti-value, since it supposes a continuous disappointment on the part…

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