6 junio, 2024

77 Phrases in Korean and their Meaning in Spanish

I leave you a nice list of phrases in Korean to learn, dedicate or congratulate someone you appreciate. In the first place you will find proverbs, reflections on topics as varied as happiness, courage, self-knowledge, struggle, patience, perseverance and beauty.

Then there are some commonly used phrases in Korean to greet, talk, and ask for directions and help.

korean proverbs

-손바닥으로 하늘을 가리려한다 (Sonbadageuro haneuleul gariryeohanda).
Meaning: If you are not honest with yourself and admit your feelings, you will have to face the consequences.

-로마는 하루아침에 이루어진 것이 아니다 (Lomaneun haluachim-e ilueojin geos-i anida).
Meaning: Rome was not built in a day.

-소 잃고 외양간 고치기 (Soh-ilgo-weyang-gan gochi-gi).
Meaning: Prepare yourself, and you will never end up regretting it.

-꿩 먹고 알 먹는다 (Kkwong meoggo al meogneunda).
Meaning: Kill two birds with one stone.

-옷이 날개다 (Os-i nal-gae-da).
Meaning: How you dress, they treat you.

-고생 끝에 낙이 온다 (Gosaeng kkeut-e nag-i onda).
Meaning: At the end of adversities, happiness comes.

-늦더라도 안 하느니보다 낫다 (neujdeolado an haneuniboda nasda).
Meaning: Better late than never.

-정직은 최선의 방책이다 (jeongjig-eun choeseon-ui bangchaeg-ida).
Meaning: Honesty is the best of policies.

-콩 심은데 콩나고, 팥 심은데 팥난다 (Kong sim-eun-dae kong-na-go, pat sim-eun-dae pat nanda).
Meaning: It is easy to judge a man by his surroundings.

-등잔 밑이 어둡다 (Deung-jan mit-i eo-dub-da).
Meaning: The answer we seek is often right under our noses.

-호랑이에게 물려가도 정신만 차리면 산다 (Horangi-egeh mool-ryeo-gado jeong-shin-man chari-myeon sanda).
Meaning: Sit patiently by the river and you will see the corpse of your enemy pass by.

-개똥도 약에 쓰려면 없다 (Gae-ttong-do yag-e sseu-lyeo-myeon eobs-da).
Meaning: Things are never where we want them to be.

-서당개 삼 년에 풍월 읊는다 (Seo–dang–gae sam nyeon–e poong–weol eulp–neun–da).
Meaning: Practice makes perfect.

-시작이 반이다 (Shi-jaki bani-da).
Meaning: Beginning is half the way.

-제 눈에 안경이다 (Je nun-e angyeong-ida).
Meaning: Beauty is found in the eyes of the beholder.

-엎질러진 물이다 (Eopjilleojin mul-ida).
Meaning: There is no point in complaining about a would have.

-원숭이도 나무에서 떨어질 때가 잇다 (Wonsung-ido namueseo tteol-eojil ttaega isda) .
Meaning: Even monkeys sometimes fall from trees.

-개구리 올챙이 적 생각도 못 한다 (Gae-goo-ri ol-chaengi jeok saeng-gak-do mot-handa).
Meaning: It is foolish to hate who they are now like you once were.

-김치국부터 마시지 말라 (Kim-chi-gug-bu-teo ma-si-ji mal-la).
Meaning: Don’t put on your sandal before you thorn yourself.

-웃음은 최고의 명약이다 (Us-eum-eun choegoui myeong-yag-ida).
Meaning: Laughter is the best of medicines.

-가는 말이 고와야오는 말이 곱다 (Ga-neun mali gowa-ya oneun gop-da).
Meaning: Treat others as you want to be treated.

-고양이에게 생선을 맡기다 (Goyang-iege saengseon-eul matgida).
Meaning: Do not trust people in situations where they can take advantage of you.

-낮말은 새가 듣고 밤말은 쥐가 듣는다 (Nat–mal–eun sae–ga debt–go bam–mal–eun jui–ga debt–neun–da).
Meaning: Be careful who you talk to, because they may find out.

-찬물도 위아래가 있다 (Chan-mool-do ooi-arae-ga it-da).
Meaning: Everything in its respective order. / Respect the order of things.

-말을 냇가에 끌고 갈 수는 있어도 억지로 물을 먹일 수는 없다 (Mal-eul naesga-e kkeulgo gal suneun iss-eodo eogjilo mul-eul meog-il suneun eobsda).
Meaning: A horse can be led to the pond, but it cannot be forced to drink water.

-과부 설움은 홀아비가 안다 (Gwabu seol-um-eun hol-abiga anda).
Meaning: Misery loves company.

-백지장도 맞들면 낫다 (Baegjijangdo majdeulmyeon nasda).
Meaning: Two heads are better than one.

-궁하면 통한다 (Gunghamyeon tonghanda).
Meaning: There is always a way out.

-콩 심은데 콩나고, 팥 심은데 팥난다 (Kong simeundae kongnago, pat simeundae pat nanda).
Meaning: The fruit does not fall far from the tree.

-낮말은 새가 듣고 밤말은 쥐가 듣는다 (Najmal-eun saega deudgo bammal-eun jwiga deudneunda).
Meaning: The walls have ears.

-누워서 떡 먹기 (Nuwoseo tteog meoggi).
Meaning: Piece of cake.

-아는 길도 물어가라 (Aneun gildo muleogara).
Meaning: It never hurts to ask again.

-가재는 게 편이라 (Ga-jae-neun ge pyeon-i-la).
Meaning: Like-minded people attract each other.

-화약을 지고 불 속으로 들어간다 (Hwa-yakeul ji-go bool sok-euro deoreo-kanda).
Meaning: You see the storm and you don’t kneel. / You invite danger to your doorstep.

-눈에서 멀어지면, 마음에서도 멀어진다 (Nun-eseo meol-eojimyeon, ma-eum-eseodo meol-eojinda).
Meaning: Eyes that do not see, heart that does not feel.

-장구를 쳐야 춤을 추지 (Jang-gu-reul chyeo-ya choom-eul chuji).
Meaning: Help is needed on some occasions.

-공자 앞에서 문자 쓴다 (Gong-ja ap-es-eo mun-ja sseun-da).
Meaning: You don’t want to tell an expert how to do his job.

-그림의 떡 (Crim-ue ddeok).
Meaning: If you want something that you cannot have, it is better to forget about it.

-개천에서 용 난다 (Gae-cheon-es-eo yong nan-da).
Meaning: Great men and women come from humble origins.

-고슴도치도자기새끼는예쁘다 (Goseumdochidojagisaekkineun-yeppeuda).
Meaning: All parents think their babies are pretty.

-뜻이 있는 곳에 길이 있다 (Tteus-i issneun gos-e gil-i issda).
Meaning: Where there is the will, there is the way.

-빈 수레가 요란하다 (Bin surega yoranhada).
Meaning: Whoever is boastful of his abilities, is not the most suitable to achieve the best results.

-말보다는 실천을 하라 (malbodaneun silcheon-eul hala).
Meaning: Actions say louder than words.

Commonly used words and phrases

-안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo).
Meaning: Hello.

-어떻게 지내세요? (eotteohke jinaeseyo?).
Meaning: How are you?

-나는 괜찮아. 고마워. 그리고 너? (Naneun gwaenchanh-a, gomawo. Geuligo neo?).
Meaning: I’m fine, thank you. And you?

-이름은 무엇입니까? (ireumeun mueosip nikka?).
Meaning: What is your name?

-제 이름은 … 입니다 (je ireum-eun … imnida).
Meaning: My name is…

-만나서 반갑습니다 (mannaseo bangapseumnida).
Meaning: Nice to meet you.

-네(ne)/예 (ye).
Meaning: Yes.

-아니요 (aniyo).
Meaning: no

-나도 몰라 (I swim molla).
Meaning: I don’t know.

-모르겠습니다 (moreugesseumnida).
Meaning: I don’t understand.

-한국말 잘 못해요 (hangugmal jal moshaeyo).
Meaning: I don’t speak Korean very well.

-천천히 말씀해 주세요? (cheoncheonhi malssuemhae juseyo?).
Meaning: Could you speak more slowly?

– 다시 한번 말씀해주시겠어요?(dasi hanbeon malsseumhaejusigess-eoyo?).
Meaning: Could you repeat to me what you just said?

-스페인어 할수 있어요?? (seupein-eo hal jul aseyo?).
Meaning: Can you speak Spanish?

-영어할수있어요? (yeong-eo hal su issseubnida).
Meaning: Can you speak English?

-부탁합니다 (butakamnida).
Meaning: Please.

-감사합니다 (kamsahamnida)/고맙습니다 (komapsumnida).
Meaning: Thank you.

-죄송합니다 (joesonghamnida)/미안합니다! (myanhamnida!).
Meaning: Sorry/I’m sorry. Note: The first is a mild, inadvertent «sorry.» The second is a more meaningful «sorry,» like, «I’m really sorry, forgive me.»

-실례하겠습니다 (sillyehagessseubnida).
Meaning: With permission.

-실례합니다 (sillyehabnida).
Meaning: Excuse me (to get someone’s attention).

-안녕하십니까 (annyeong hashimnikka).
Meaning: Good morning/afternoon.

-안녕히 주무십시요 (annyeong-hi jumusipsio).
Meaning: Good night.

-안녕 (annyeong).
Meaning: Goodbye.

-좋은 하루 되세요! (joeun haru dweseyo!).
Meaning: Have a nice day!

-화장실이 어디예요? (hwajangsil-i eodiyeyo?).
Meaning: Where can I find the bathroom?

-얼마예요? (eolmayeyo?).
Meaning: How much does this cost?

-사랑해 (salanghae).
Meaning: I love you.

-길을 잃었어요… 어디인지 아세요? (gil-eul ilh-eoss-eoyo… eodiinji aseyo?).
Meaning: I got lost. Do you know/could you tell me where it is…?

-왼쪽 (oen-jjok) / 오른쪽 (oh-reun-jjok) / 직진 (jik-jjin).
Meanings: Left / Right / Right.

-…주세요 (…juseyo).
Meaning: I am going to order a… please.

-…저 알러지 있어요 (…jeo alleoji iss-eoyo).
Meaning: I am allergic to…

-계산서 주세요 (gyesanseo juseyo).
Meaning: Can you bring me the bill please?

-도와주세요! (dowajuseyo!).
Meaning: Help me please! / Help me please!

-병원 (byeong-won)/ 의사가 필요해요(uisaga pil-yohaeyo).
Meaning: I need a hospital. / I need a doctor.

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