7 junio, 2024

7 Customs of the Colombian Andean Region

The customs of the Andean region that characterize its inhabitants are their clothing, their musical tastes, their gastronomy, their parties and their courteous treatment.

The Andean region is located in the center of Colombia and is divided into three mountain ranges called Central, Occidental and Oriental. Its name is deduced from its location within the Andes mountain range.

In the Andean region are the main Colombian cities and cultural regions as rich as Paisa, Santandereana, Cundiboyacense, Vallecaucana, Opita and Pastuso.

Main customs of the Andean region

1- Clothing

Throughout Colombia and in its main cities, the taste for current fashion is evident. Colombia is even considered one of the Latin American countries with the highest production in fashion design.

But in the localities of the Andean regions, especially in the department of Boyacá (Cundiboyacense), the Ruana continues to be the traditional and characteristic coat to cover themselves from the cold.

The Ruana, also used throughout Andean South America, is a rectangular sleeveless coat made by hand on looms with virgin wool.

2- Musical tastes

Due to the extensive territory that the Colombian Andean region occupies, there are different musical styles, but Bambuco is the most representative.

It is followed by the Bullerengue, which is a variant of the cumbia but with more marked rhythmic touches, and the Bunde Tolimense, which mixes the guabina, the torbellino and the bambuco.

In the same way, throughout Colombia, cumbia and vallenato are the musical manifestations that have become most popular today.

3- Gastronomy

The dishes of the Andean region of Colombia arise from a syncretism in the indigenous and Spanish traditions. Dairy products, grains, tubers, cereals and proteins are the constants in the gastronomy of this region.

They highlight the bandeja paisa, the ajiaco, the changua or Andean pinch for breakfast, ground corn arepas, corn wraps, sancocho paisa, pork cannon.

4- Parties

The Colombian Andes have a diverse variety of festivals and celebrations in which the folklore of this region is revealed. In its festivities, features of indigenous, black and Spanish traditions are manifested.

Many of these festivities are related to the Catholic religious calendar and remain in force since two thirds of the Colombian population consider themselves practicing Catholics.

The Candelaria Festival, the Black and White Carnival in honor of the Three Wise Men, the San Juan and San Pedro Festivals and the Corpus Christi Festival stand out.

There are also secular festivals such as the National Festival of the Guabina and the Tiple, the Devil’s Carnival or the Fiesta de Manizales.

5- Courtesy

The Andean name has an outgoing and helpful personality. They almost exclusively use the “you” in everyday communication, just like “sumerce”.

They conduct themselves towards people with care. Hence, tourism in Colombia is on the rise and its human resources are considered one of the most qualified worldwide.

6- Way of greeting

In Spanish-speaking countries, the greeting always goes beyond a simple «hello», each region putting its own stamp that makes it distinctive. In the Andean regions of Colombia, greetings can be really diverse.

For example, it is very common that in some areas you first greet with a dismissal and then ask how you are doing: «Bye, how are you doing?» or that among young people use insults in an affectionate way, as long as they have confidence.

7- Dialects

Colombia is divided into two dialects: costeño and andino. In turn, the Andean dialect is divided into five other subdialects that are: Bogota, Tolimense-Huilense, Cundi-Boyacense, Santander and Llanero.

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