8 junio, 2024

6 Typical Dances and Dances of the Caribbean Region

The dances and typical dances from the Caribbean region of Colombia are closely related to their rhythms, since most of these are danced. As with the music itself, the dances show the influence of the three cultures that have inhabited the region: the indigenous, the Spanish who arrived after 1492, and the Africans brought as slaves by them.

The Caribbean region is located in the north of the country, bordering the sea that has given it its name. It is made up of 8 departments: Atlántico, Bolívar, La Guajira, Cesar, Sucre, Córdoba, Magdalena, and the islands of San Andrés and Providencia.

It is a region with a great musical tradition, forming a fundamental part in parties and celebrations. The contribution of the descendant population of Africans who came as slaves, maroons, has marked all the typical dances of this area.

The sensuality of the movements, courtship and warmth are elements that are always present in these dances. Likewise, there are other elements represented in these dances, such as colonization, trades, miscegenation or traditions.

In short, the inhabitants of the region preserve all their historical and cultural legacy through their dances.

Most representative dances and dances of the Caribbean Region

Although there are many types of dance, this is a list of some of the best known and most representative of the reality of the Caribbean region.


Born in San Basilio de Palenque, she retains a great African influence. Not surprisingly, that town was the first place where runaway slaves settled.

At first it was performed by women when they reached puberty, possibly representing the transition to womanhood and their fertility.

The dancers follow the rhythm created by the drums and by the choral singing. It can be danced in single couples, although it is still a dance danced mainly by women.

the lighthouses

In this dance we can clearly see a story that occurred during the colonization, told through the movements of the dancers. Thus, he recounts the mockery and irony against the Spanish colonizers, whom he satirises.

It is a dance performed by men disguised as women. The rhythm with which it is danced is called Son de Farotas.


La Cumbia is one of the most popular and representative dances in the entire region. It is of African origin, but it blended perfectly with indigenous indigenous traditions.

It is a representation of the love attraction, in this case the one that the black man felt for the Indian woman.

The woman carries candles in her right hand, dancing next to the man who gently accompanies her. He is getting closer to her, without actually touching her and, finally, he is moved away from her by the candles that she carries from her.

they are black

It is another dance intended to mock the conquerors. In this case, it was the Africans who danced it, in order to laugh at their enslavers.

It was born in Santa Lucía, the place where the slaves settled when they were taken by the Spanish.

It is men who usually dance this dance, sometimes dressed as women.

the joint

It was a dance danced by the slaves during their moments of celebration. They danced around the tambora, using indigenous instruments in a sample of musical miscegenation. The story that this dance represents is the seduction of a man and a woman.


It was the Spanish who brought this dance to the Caribbean region. His movements are a representation of the fight between good and evil and death appears as one of the main characters.

The dancers, in pairs, try to get rid of their influence, things that they finally achieve, so that life finally wins.


Colombian Cultural Heritage. Characteristics of the Caribbean region. colombiaculturalheritage.wordpress.com
Bell, Christ. Traditional Colombian Dances You Should Know About. Retrieved from theculturetrip.com
All Colombia. Musical Rhythms of the Caribbean Region. Retrieved from tocolombia.com
Discover Colombia. Cumbia | The Rhythm of Colombia. Retrieved from discovercolombia.com
Ekua. The Untold Afro-Colombian Stories of Colombia’s Caribbean Coast. Retrieved from girlunstoppable.com

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