7 junio, 2024

5 Myths and Legends of the Caribbean Region of Colombia

The myths of the Caribbean region of Colombia They are part of popular culture and superstitions, and are associated with the origin of the world and the birth of the stars. These myths are also related to the formation of nature and the ancestors of the tribes that inhabited this part of the country.

There are many myths in the Colombian Caribbean: the origin of light, Mother Sea and the worlds, the birth of the Moon and the Sun, the Tikunas populate the Earth, Mother Sea and the worlds, and the red dolphin.

But there are three myths that are considered the most important in the Caribbean region of Colombia: the origin of the Serranía de la Macuira; Bochica, the teacher of the Muiscas; and Bachué and the creation of the world.

List of myths and legends of the Caribbean region of Colombia

1- Origin of the Serranía de la Macuira

In the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, a cacique lived in his hut with his three children. Every day he watched the faces of his children as they slept. He once dreamed that they left for the north of La Guajira.

This dream haunted him repeatedly. One night in March, already very distressed by the dream and by the idea of ​​losing his children, he got up to check if his children were still with him. He then was surprised to see that they were no longer in his bedroom.

Alarmed, he left the hut and looked to the north, where he saw three peaks rising up; He verified that there were his three children converted in the Serranía de La Macuira.

2- Bochica, the master of the Muiscas

Bochica was a venerable old man with white skin and blue eyes; he had very long white beards and always wore a large blanket that covered his entire body. He arrived at the tribe accompanied by his wife, a white woman younger than him.

The old man was very good with the Indians and they loved him very much. He taught them many useful things and to be good men.

On the other hand, Bochica’s wife never loved the Indians; on the contrary, she always tried to do them harm.

Once, taking advantage of Bochica’s absence, his wife flooded the savannah causing great damage to the houses and cement plants of the Indians. When Bochica returned to the village, the Indians complained to him about what had happened.

Outraged by his bad behavior, Bochica turned his wife into an owl. She immediately went to the mountains that surround the savannah and touched the rocks with a magic wand, which immediately opened to make way for the birds. And so the Tequendama waterfall was formed.

One day Bochica disappeared through the rainbow, where he is seen when people look from the Tequendama waterfall.

3- Bachué and the creation of the world

One early morning Bachué, the Chibcha mother, left the Iguaque lagoon carrying a naked child in her arms. She was a very beautiful woman, whose black hair covered her entire body.

She appeared radiant, dark, smooth, with round and firm breasts. Then, Bachué settled in to live among the Chibchas and gained their trust and affection.

He taught the Indians the rules to maintain order among themselves and peace with neighboring tribes.

The boy grew up. Bachué, who was in charge of populating the earth, began to be fertilized by him. She had multiple births, which multiplied more and more, until she finally fully populated the Earth.

He toured the towns leaving children and teachings. Suddenly, her lush body was filled with wrinkles. Then she, sad and without warning, she returned to the Iguaque lagoon, accompanied by the father of her children.

When he jumped into the water, he turned into a snake, which is the symbol of intelligence of the Chibchas.

And thus, Bachué became the mother of humanity and the source of life. The natives say that from time to time she appears in the form of a snake on full moon nights.

4- The playful Mohán

The Mohán is a huge being with the appearance of an old man but with the features of a beast. With a careless appearance and long hair, it lives near lakes, rivers and swamps. He likes to play and bother the fishermen, stealing their nets or entangling them so that they cannot fish.

The only way that fishermen can fish in peace is by leaving some salt and tobacco on rocks or on the shore, since the Mohán loves to smoke and thus entertains himself.

5- The woman from the well

This legend is born in colonial Cartagena. It is said that a woman had a son and that her love for him was so great that she totally neglected her husband. This one, jealous of her situation, decided one day to kill her.

When the day came, the husband took a knife and murdered her in front of their son. The little boy, who was leaning on a well, lost his balance when he observed the tragic event and was lost in the depths.

Since then it is said that a woman leaning against a well appears to children in the colonial houses of Cartagena, combing her hair. If they get close and she finds out that she is not her child, she will throw them down the well as well.

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