6 junio, 2024

29 most famous Mexican poets in history

The most famous mexican poets Those who are usually remembered are Octavio Paz, José Emilio Pacheco or Jaime Sabines, but there are many more who have made verse great. Mexican poetry has historically been one of the most developed in Latin America and an example for Latin American poets.

Since their independence at the beginning of the 19th century, Mexican poets have stood out for their romantic, traditional, revolutionary and avant-garde prose. In any case, there are Mexican poetry references from the 17th century.

Among the works that survived to this day are Parthenic Triumph, of Siguenza and Gongora. Also in the 17th century, Matías Bocanegra wrote Song in sight of a disappointment and Juan de Guevara his Fabulous entry into Mexico of the Viceroy Duque de Alburquerque.

Many poets stood out in the 18th century: José Luis Velasco Arellano, Cayetano Cabrera y Quintero, José Lucas Anaya or José Agustín de Castro, to name a few. In the book Anthology of Mexican poetspublished at the end of the 19th century, contains a list of Mexican colonial poetry.

The best known Mexican poets

1. Manuel Acuna (1849-1873)

The Mexican poet Manuel Acuña, one of the most famous romantic poets of the 19th century in Mexico, had a brief but fruitful literary career. He was a doctor and in his romantic works the influence of positivism is felt.

In 1868 he began his literary career, which was interrupted by his suicide in 1873. His works include «Before a corpse», «Nocturno» and «Dry leaves». His most representative work, “Nocturno”, is dedicated to Rosario de la Peña, the woman he was in love with. It is said that other poets also courted Rosario, such as the famous Cuban poet José Martí.

2. Manuel M. Flores (1840-1885)

Originally from San Andrés Chalchicomula, he is one of the most important representatives of Mexican romanticism. He stood out for his unpublished poetry and fallen rosespublished posthumously.

He belonged to the Liberal Party that fought against the French for the restoration of the republic. His poems «The kiss», «Flower of a day» and «Let’s love each other» stand out. She was a lover of Rosario de la Peña.

3. Ignacio Manuel Altamirano (1834-1893)

This poet of indigenous roots dedicated his life to public service, pedagogy and literature.

All his work is distinguished by its autochthonous themes, where the Indian and the history of Mexico were the main themes, which differentiated him from other authors of the time, who followed the European literary tradition. His works stand out end of a love and Dark love.

4. Justo Sierra Mendez (1848-1912)

One of the biggest promoters of the foundation of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Writer, poet and politician, he stood out for his works Piety, The angel of the future and Sunday talks.

He was born in Campeche, was a deputy, professor at the National Preparatory School and director of the National Magazine of Letters and Sciences. He was a disciple of Ignacio Manuel Altamirano.

5. Guillermo Prieto (1818-1897)

This prolific poet was characterized by reflecting in his poetry not only romantic ideas, but also Mexican customs and folklore. Among his most notable works are The mortality and reveries.

6. Octavio Paz (1914-1998)

The winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Literature wrote poetry and essays. He also stood out as a translator, teacher, diplomat, journalist and lecturer. He lived in the United States, France and India.

He is famous for his books The Labyrinth of Solitude and Postscript, where he argues that historical events shaped the pessimistic Mexican mentality. His poetry is subtle. One of his most famous poems is “Dos cuerpos”.

7. Jose Emilio Pacheco (1939-2014)

The Mexican nihilist poet José Emilio Pacheco was part of the generation of the 50s. His most famous poem is “Las perfecciones naturales”. His books also stand out The pleasure principle and The battles in the desert.

8. Beloved Nervo (1870-1919)

The intimate and personal prose of Amado Nervo transcended to Europe. His works, such as the poem «Cowardice» or the novel The bachiller they were a look “inside” and an attempt to describe “the intimate, arcane, mysterious soul of things themselves”.

the book of verses mystical of the author was characterized by exposing desires, sufferings and concerns of the human being. He was one of the representatives of literary modernism in Mexico.

9. Jaime Torres Bodet (1902-1974)

Member of the group «Los contemporaries», he was also a public official and essayist. Torres Bodet’s works are characterized by seeking a new way of narrating events. One of his most outstanding poems is «Ambition».

10 Jaime Sabines (1926-1999)

Jaime Sabines’ avant-garde poetry touches on topics such as politics. He was also a deputy in congress, which allowed him to see up close the abuses committed by many politicians. His works «To my mother», «Siento that I lose you» and «Primaveral» stand out.

They called him «The Sniper of Literature» because his works dealt with crude issues of reality. The poet considered the poem “Something about the death of Major Sabines” as his best work, in which he talked about his father.

11. Xavier Villaurrutia (1903-1950)

Xavier Villaurrutia was also a member of the group «Los contemporaries». His poetic work was influenced by surrealism and can be described as dark, dealing with themes such as desolation, death, abandonment, and depression. His most outstanding works are longing for death, tenth death, nocturnal and Songs to spring and other poems.

12. Jose Juan Tablada Acuna (1871-1945)

He is recognized as the father of modern Mexican poetry. He introduced the haiku (Japanese genre) to Latin American poetry.

He stood out for the use of metaphors in his works and for his calligrams. His works stand out Japan, The peacock, The turtle, The Nightingale and «Lipo.» The latter is a calligram.

13. Enrique Gonzalez Martinez (1871-1952)

According to the literary critic Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Enrique González Martínez was one of the «seven major gods of Mexican poetry.»

The founder of the National College stood out for his works «When you know how to find a smile…», «Tomorrow the poets», «You will go about the life of things» and others. His poems are of great philosophical depth. His work “Ausencia y canto”, which he wrote for the death of his wife, stood out.

14. Ramon Lopez Velarde (1888-1921)

Considered the Mexican national poet, Ramón López Velarde is classified as a modernist. During and after the Mexican Revolution, he stood out for addressing issues about the countryside and the city, society, Mexicanness, youth, and others.

His works stand out the devoted blood, capsize and the sound of the heart. Despite being one of the most famous poets in Mexico, he is little known abroad.

15. Alfonso Reyes (1889-1959)

“The universal Monterrey native” Alfonso Reyes was the Mexican ambassador in Argentina, where he associated with notable writers such as Jorge Luis Borges.

The Argentine author considered the Mexican poet as the best prose writer in the Spanish language and wrote the poem «In memoriam» in his honor. Among his poems are “Cantata en la tomb de Federico García Lorca”, “Huellas” or “Sol de Monterrey”.

16. Carlos Pellicer Cámara (1897-1977)

He was another of the members of the collective «Los contemporáneos», characterized by uniting modernism and the avant-garde in his work. He was also a museologist and teacher.

In his works he portrays the beauty of the world through metaphor. His books stand out speeches for flowers, Colors in the sea and other poems, flight practice and others.

17. Manuel Maples Arce (1900-1981)

Manuel Maples Arce, when publishing his manifesto “Actual (Nº1)”, founded stridentism. This movement sought to represent the Mexican masses and was a fusion of cubism, dadaism and futurism. In addition to being a poet, he was a lawyer and diplomat.

His work Anthology of modern Mexican poetry (1940) is essential to understand the development of Mexican poetry. His most outstanding poetic work is The forbidden poems.

18. Renato Leduc (1897-1986)

The journalist and poet stood out for his erotic and direct work, where he dealt with very explicit topics with a touch of humor and in colloquial language. His flat manner of expressing himself made him a popular writer. In addition to him, his sonnet of time stood out. Among his most important works are «The classroom, etc.» and «Some deliberately romantic poems and a somewhat unnecessary prologue.»

19. Bernardo Ortiz (1899-1949)

Member of the group «Los Contemporáneos», Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano was a poet, essayist, playwright, narrator and translator. His poetry was postmodernist and his most representative work is «Second Dream».

20. Elias Nandino Vallarte (1900-1993)

He was related to the stridentists and later with “Los Contemporáneos”. His first creative stage was marked by dark themes, such as death, the night, doubt and death.

In his mature stage, the poet adopted a personal style and dealt with much more everyday themes. Late in his life, his prose became a mixture of metaphysics and eroticism. His works stand out White-hot eroticism, intimate banquet and nocturnal word.

21. Jose Gorostiza Alcala (1901-1973)

The author of «End without death», one of the most important poems of the 20th century in Spanish, wrote only four books during his life. He was known as the poet of intelligence and his poetry.

Although it seemed simple, it is complex due to its meaning, its linguistic complexity and its lyricism.

22. Salvador Novo (1904-1974)

The historian, poet, playwright and essayist Salvador Novo portrayed in his works themes such as the arrival of a provincial in the capital, modernity and modern inventions of the early twentieth century and human feelings such as love.

23. Efrain Huerta (1914-1982)

The poet and journalist Efraín Huerta stands out for having created the literary trend of the «poemínimo», a small humorous verse full of irony, cynicism and sarcasm. His style is influenced by Juan Ramón Jiménez and Pablo Neruda, the Spanish generation of ’27 and «Los Contemporáneos».

His works include Forbidden and love poems, poetic plot and stampede of poems. Scholars of his work consider that there are 4 major themes in his prose: the city and devastation, politics and love.

in his works standing stalingrad and hymn to soviet peace exposes his communist ideas and criticizes capitalism and imperialism.

24. Veronica Volkow Fernandez (1955)

She is a poet, essayist and university professor and researcher, author of more than five books on poetry, such as ink shoreline and The ways. He is a professor at UNAM and his works reflect his interest in the relationship between poetry and painting.

25. Carmen Boullosa (1954)

Carmen Boullosa is a poet, novelist, professor and playwright, standing out more for her cycles of novels. Among her outstanding poetic works are The sleepless homeland, Ungovernable and Loyalty. Most of his works deal with historical themes,…

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *