11 julio, 2024

25 examples of cooperation

The cooperation It is the action of working or acting together with another individual or group to achieve a common goal or benefits for both. In this sense, it is opposed to competition, in which individuals face each other in order for one of the two to be victorious, or obtain more than the other.

Examples of cooperation occur when a country cooperates with another to improve economic exchange, when a company cooperates with another to improve results, or when a person cooperates with another to solve a problem.

Cooperative relationships are characterized by voluntary and free associations. This means that if one of the two parties does not consent to the association, but is forced to accept, then it is not about cooperation, although the relationship may be of benefit to the reluctant party.

Examples of cooperation between humans

1. Cooperative associations

Cooperatives are associations of people who come together voluntarily to satisfy their social, economic, and cultural needs and aspirations.

Cooperatives are based on the values ​​of mutual aid, individual and collective responsibility, democracy, equality, equity and solidarity. In addition, among the members of the cooperative there must be honesty and integration.

The principles of cooperatives are:

– Volunteering.

– Free membership, which means that anyone has the right to join a cooperative.

– Acceptance. Cooperatives must not discriminate against any member, regardless of their gender, religion, skin color, political orientation or sexual orientation.

2. Volunteer firefighters

The volunteer fire department is an association of individuals trained in first aid, fire control and arrest, who cooperate with other individuals in society.

3. Civil protection bodies

Civil protection bodies cooperate with other citizens in safeguarding their safety.

4. Community meetings

They are associations that occur between members of a community and that demonstrate cooperation.

5. Doctors Without Borders

This institution uses doctors and health professionals from different countries to help in those regions where there are wars, famines, etc.

6. Neighborhood meetings

They are the associations of people from a particular building or area, gathered to solve common problems.

7. Volunteer nurses

They are those nursing professionals who voluntarily attend hospitals and health centers to help patients.

8. Clowns Without Borders

They are associations of people who work as clowns and attend hospitals, geriatric centers and other health institutions to give shows and contribute to the good spirits of patients.

9. Activism

Various NGOs are classified in this way, such as Amnesty International, Greenpeace or Avaaz.com, which come together and collaborate to denounce injustices and environmental problems in the world, and achieve meaningful solutions.

Examples of cooperation between nations

1. Hurricane Katrina

The tragedy of Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the city of New Orleans, caused many countries to come together to help the United States deal with the damage caused by the hurricane.

2. International organizations

International organizations are examples of cooperation between countries. These include the United Nations Organization (UN), which seeks to maintain peace among the countries of the world, and the World Health Organization (WHO).

3. Troughs in Colombia

During the troughs that affected Colombia in 2011, many countries showed their support by sending food, medicine and other items to this country.

Examples of cooperation between animals

In nature, there are examples of cooperation between animals. Some examples of these relationships are:

1. Oxpeckers and rhinos, buffaloes, antelopes and giraffes

The cooperative relationship between oxpeckers (birds) and certain mammals is a type of protocooperation, a relationship in which individuals of two different species establish ties because it is beneficial for both.

In this relationship, oxpeckers feed on parasites found on the skin of mammals (which prevents mammals from contracting certain diseases) and in return get transportation and food.

2. The cleaner fish and the customers

The relationship between cleaner fish and client fish is also an example of protocooperation. The cleaner fish are small animals, which allows them to enter the mouth of customers.

In this cooperative relationship, the cleaners get food and the customers stay clean.

3. Ants and aphids

In this relationship, the aphids produce a substance called «honeydew» from the sage they extract from the leaves of the plants.

The honeydew is beneficial to the ants, who «milk» the aphids to secrete this substance. In return, the ant protects the aphid from predators.

4. Meerkats

Meerkats, also called mongooses, cooperate with each other by taking turns guarding. This means that while one group of meerkats sleeps, another group stays alert.

5. Humpback whales

Humpback whales cooperate when hunting. They swim in groups to corner their prey, making the job easier for all of them. Usually, this cooperative relationship is more stable during the summer.

6. The bees

Bees, like many other insects, show a great degree of cooperation when it comes to their work.

In this sense, each of the types of bees has a function, depending on whether they are workers, drones or queens.

Examples of cooperation with plants

1. Mycorrhizae

Mycorrhizae are cooperative relationships between a fungus and a plant. In this relationship, the fungi adhere to or penetrate the roots of the plants, thus increasing the range of their absorption. In return, the plant provides the fungus with the necessary nutrients for it to live.

2. Lichens

Lichens are an example of symbiosis between a fungus and an alga. In this relationship, the alga provides the food it obtains from photosynthesis, while the fungus protects the alga and keeps it moist.

3. Birds and plants

Birds cooperate with plants by helping them reproduce. Plant flowers contain nectar, which is nutritious for birds, and pollen particles, necessary for reproduction.

When the birds approach the flowers to consume the nectar, their plumage is impregnated with pollen, which they transport to other flowers, pollinating them.

4. Bees, bumblebees or other insects and plants

As with birds, insects consume nectar from plant flowers.

In the process, the hairs on the body of these insects become impregnated with pollen, which they carry to other flowers.

5. Root Grafts

The roots of two or more trees can naturally join together to share nutrients, hormones, and other nourishing substances.

6. The hermit crab and the sea anemone

Anemones attach to the shells of crabs. The crab serves the transport anemone, while the anemone offers food and protection.

7. Clownfish and anemones

Anemones sting in most fish, except clownfish, which have mucus on their skin to protect them. Thus, the clownfish gets a home and the anemone gets protection.

References

What is cooperation? Retrieved from buinessdictionary.com Cooperation. Retrieved from dictionary.com Cooperation. Retrieved from merriam-webster.com

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