7 junio, 2024

22 Animals of the Ecuadorian Amazon (East)

Some of the animals of the amazon or the east of Ecuador, the most outstanding are the squirrel monkey, the capybara, the macaw, the jaguar, the hummingbird, the manatee, the piranhas, the bats or the giant otter.

The east of Ecuador, also called the Amazonian area of ​​Ecuador, is a region that includes large areas of tropical forest and represents almost half of the territory of the South American country.

In its extension are the provinces of Sucumbíos, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Zamora and Morona. It has several indigenous groups that have inhabited its forests for hundreds of years and still inhabit the area, selling handicrafts to tourists who visit the forests, as tourist interest grows more each year.

Thanks to its diversity and climate, eastern Ecuador is home to hundreds of species of animals characteristic of the Amazon.

Outstanding animals of the Ecuadorian Amazon

Squirrel monkey

They are small monkeys with long tails, they have short orange fur on their extremities and the upper part of their head is dark.

They are omnivorous, they can eat both seeds and fruits as well as insects or small birds. They are very stealthy and spend most of their time climbing trees to stay on top.

capybara or capybara

It is the largest rodent on earth. It is normally found in groups and lives near water sources.

Their fur is dark and they have practically no tail. They enjoy rolling in the mud to protect themselves from the sun and the females of this species are usually larger than the males.

Their diet is mainly based on herbs or aquatic plants.

macaw

This species of bird prefers warm and humid climates. They are normally in large groups of up to 8 members and feed mainly on seeds, fruits and some insects.

It is characterized by being very colorful, with colors such as red, blue and yellow.

Jaguar

It is one of the most significant predators in the Amazon and the third largest cat in the world. They like to swim a lot, so they are always in areas close to water.

Its skin is yellowish with the characteristic black spots all over its body. This predator can swim, climb and run at great speed, making it very difficult for its prey to escape.

Unfortunately, the beauty of its skin has caused hunters to destroy a large part of this species and today it is considered endangered.

frogs or toads

The most common species of toads in eastern Ecuador is known as the giant neotropical.

This animal has poisonous glands that kill most of its predators, which is why it is called a plague in some areas.

They normally feed on small insects and invertebrate animals.

hummingbird

It is a small bird popular for having very fast moving wings. They have a dark color and some species have greenish tones.

It measures approximately 9 centimeters and they feed on the nectar of flowers and small insects.

Giant otter

Mammal that inhabits the fresh waters of the Amazon. Its skin is usually light or dark brown and it can grow up to 1.50 meters long.

Their tail and webbed feet allow them to swim fairly quickly. They feed on small fish and usually hunt in groups of up to 15 individuals.

Currently, due to the interest of the human being in its skin, it is also in danger of extinction.

amazon manatee

It is a unique freshwater mermaid. It feeds on aquatic and some terrestrial plants and in rainy periods they usually increase the number of times they eat per day to increase their body fat and prepare for periods of little food.

This species is usually solitary and in mating seasons can be seen in pairs. Manatee skin is dark gray and hairless.

Rattlesnake

It is one of the most poisonous snakes in the world. Its main characteristic is the sound that its tail produces when it feels threatened, very similar to a rattle.

It usually attacks its prey at night and these are usually small mammals. They can measure up to two meters long.

Sloth

It is an animal known for having slow movements. They usually have a grayish color with white spots on the eyes.

Their arms are longer than their legs and they are usually found alone. Their diet is based on leaves from the trees where they usually hang to sleep.

the peccary

Many people confuse the peccary with a pig or wild boar. Although it looks like a wild pig, this animal is from a family of mammals other than pigs, which come from Europe.

bats

There are several species of bats that inhabit the jungle of Ecuador. Over a hundred species can be found in the tropical forest.

pink dolphins

Amazonian dolphins are pink in color and are fierce aquatic predators.

They are the largest river dolphins in the world and are found in all the large rivers in the area.

the giant catfish

The giant catfish that lives in the Amazon basin goes by many names; it is commonly known as Amazon catfish or golden catfish.

It is an extremely large fish and can exceed two meters in length.

The piranhas

Piranhas are recognized worldwide as small carnivorous fish with large appetites. These fish can be found in the rivers of the Amazon region of Ecuador.

The freshwater crab

The freshwater crabs that live in the waters of the Amazon are small, which is why they are rarely used in dishes from the region.

Apart from various species of crabs, many types of shrimp can also be found in the fresh waters of the jungle.

the scarlet parakeet

It is known in Ecuador as the scarlet macaw, which is the local name for parrots. This bird reaches about 90 centimeters and is made up of various colors.

It is sought after by traffickers due to its high demand as a pet given the attractiveness of its bright plumage.

When allowed to live in the wild, it feeds on fruits on the banks of Amazonian rivers and can live up to 60 years.

the mountain turkey

The mountain guan is, unlike the scarlet parakeet, a solitary bird that lives in trees or bushes.

It resembles a turkey, with the difference that its plumage is of many different colors.

the tapir

The tapir is another mammal that likes to spend a lot of time in the water. It is dark gray in color and has a distinctive proboscis. Like the pig or the hippopotamus, it has very short fur.

This animal is coveted by the locals for its meat, which is said to be of good flavor. Excessive hunting is one of the factors that has put it on the list of endangered animals.

electric eel

They are elongated fish capable of emitting electrical discharges of more than 800 volts generated from a group of specialized cells located in their skull. These electrical discharges are used to hunt their prey, defend themselves and communicate.

giant anteater

The anteater is a robust mammal, it has a long tail, dense fur, and a tubular snout. It is adapted to feed on ants and termites that it captures in their nests with its long, sticky tongue.

jacana

The common jacana is also known as tuqui tuqui or gallareta. It is a bird that usually lives in humid areas. The female is larger than the male, and lives with up to 5 males.

References

«Fauna in the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest» in Manatee Amazon Explorer. Recovered from manateeamazonexplorer.com.
Dillinger, J. “What Animals Live In The Amazon Rainforest?” in World Atlas. Retrieved from World Atlas: worldatlas.com.

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