7 junio, 2024

18 animals of the tundra and their characteristics

Some of the tundra animals most representative They are the arctic hare, the caribou or reindeer, the harlequin duck, the snowy partridge, the polar bear or the gray bear. In order to inhabit areas with temperatures as low as the tundra, the animals that inhabit these places have had to adapt.

The tundra is a biome characterized by frozen subsoil, little or no tree vegetation, and soils covered with mosses and lichens. In this way, the species with the easiest to live under these climatic conditions are those that have survived. In the tundra there is not as much biodiversity as in the jungles and tropical forests.

List of tundra animals

1. Arctic hare

The arctic hare, also called polar hare, is a species of hare adapted to live in low temperatures.

They can be found in Greenland, Scandinavia, Canada, and Alaska. The polar hare changes the color of its fur during the winter to white, while in summer it maintains a bluish fur.

2. Caribou or reindeer

The caribou is a species belonging to the Cervidae family, which is typical of North America. Its natural habitat is the tundra.

Their relatives are believed to have crossed the Bering Strait, colonizing America. Its body shows evolutionary traces for living in the tundra, such as its hooves, which developed not to sink into the snow when walking.

3. Stoat

The stoat can be found in Canada, the northern United States, and Eurasia. It can measure between 17 and 33 centimeters, and weigh between approximately 80 and 500 grams. It feeds on rabbits, insects and rodents.

4. Grizzly bear

The grizzly bear is considered a subspecies of the brown bear. This large bear inhabits Alaska and certain regions of Canada.

You can run at high speeds in short stretches. It feeds on plants, mainly honey, rodents and insects.

5. Harlequin Duck

Harlequin ducks receive this name because their colors are reminiscent of the clothing of harlequin clowns.

They have black plumage, with white lines and a reddish area on the back.

6. Musk ox

The musk ox is the hoofed animal that can live further north. This animal developed a large layer of fur, which allows it to protect itself from the cold throughout the year. It can be found in North America as well as in Europe and Asia.

7. Ptarmigan

The ptarmigan is a bird that can be found both in the tundra and in the highest parts of the mountain ranges of America and Eurasia.

They have a body with black fur on one side and white on the other, with black spots on the white side and vice versa.

8. Snowy owl

The snowy owl is adapted to inhabit regions as cold as the tundra. It is also called the snowy owl or great white owl.

It has white fur with black spots, which camouflage it in the winter landscape.

9. Polar Bear

The polar bear is an evolution of the common bear, which has adapted to be able to live in the Arctic and become the largest predator in the territory.

It developed a white fur, which allows it to go unnoticed before hunting its prey.

10. Arctic fox

This species of fox, as its name suggests, is a species adapted to the Arctic. It presents a grayish fur that is very characteristic of tundra animals.

It shelters in burrows during the winter and is omnivorous, that is, it eats both animals and plants and insects.

11. Lemmings

Small rodent distributed throughout the tundras of Russia, the United States, and Canada. They are one of the favorite prey for animals such as the arctic fox or the snowy owl.

12. Sea lion

Also known as the South American lion, they are located on the southern coasts but also in the Antarctic tundra biome, specifically in the South Sandwich Islands.

13. Crab Seal

One of the oldest animals on Earth, as it has lived in the Antarctic tundra for 25 million years. It is a large and heavy animal, but capable of swimming at more than 25 km/h.

14. Mountain hare

Mammal adapted to cold and polar climates, it is found from Scandinavia to Siberia, as well as some areas of Great Britain. It feeds on branches or grass and can change its coat from brown to white depending on the time of year.

15. Groundhog

Very characteristic animal of the alpine tundra, where they live well adapted to low temperatures thanks to their fur, long tail and small ears. They feed mainly on grass and roots.

16. Beluga

The beluga is a beautiful and friendly cetacean of the Monodontidae family, adapted to live in the extreme cold of the Arctic. It has no dorsal fin and its color is completely white.

17. Ringed Seal

It is the smallest and most abundant seal in the Arctic. It is called ocellated, or spotted, because its short hair is covered in brown ovals that are darker than the rest. It feeds on cod and crustaceans and lives on the arctic coasts.

18. Walrus

It lives in the arctic seas, near icebergs. It is a mammal similar to seals, but with enormous fangs and much larger in size. The tusks grow throughout life, and the longest living individuals can have tusks up to 1 meter long.


Tundra Animals. Retrieved from tundraanimals.net.
Arctic Fox. Retrieved from nationalgeographic.com.
snowy owl. Retrieved from allaboutbirds.org.

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