7 junio, 2024

15 plants from the temperate forest of Mexico

There are about 7,000 plant species in the temperate forests of Mexico. In this country you can find 50% of the world’s pine species, and 200 oak species, which are 33% of the total that exist.

Temperate forests are territories mostly covered by tall trees. Pine and oak trees dominate, accompanied by various other species that inhabit mountainous areas. Generally, with temperate to cold climate.

In Mexico, temperate forested areas are found in the north and south of the State of Baja California. As well as in the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental, in the Neovolcanic Axis, the Sierra Norte de Oaxaca and in the south of Chiapas.

Plants of the temperate forest of Mexico

In addition to pines and oaks, there is a wide variety of plants and there are, for example, fir forests, fir trees, ayarin or fir trees, among others.

1- Eupatorium

These are perennial herbs, usually shrubs or small trees. It comes from the Asteraceae family.

2- Rosewood (Bejaria aestuans)

In this case, they are shrubs or small trees. They have alternate leaves, also evergreen.

3-Lwild aurel (Litsea glaucescens)

They are short trees, from 1.5 to 4.5 m tall, with terete, glabrous, yellowish-green young branches. They usually have dark brown or greenish-yellow rind.

4- Angel hair (calliandra grandiflora)

It is a shrub that measures 2 to 3 meters in height with few branches, sometimes it is a small tree 5 to 6 meters in height.

It has branches with brown or whitish hairs. Also, the leaves are divided as if they were fine feathers.

5- Alfalfilla (lupinus montanus)

It is a herbaceous plant of mountainous areas. It grows at high altitudes with extreme conditions. This plant can withstand strong environmental and climatic pressures.

6- Ferns (Dryopteris)

Ferns are plants that do not have flowers and do not produce seeds. That is, they reproduce by means of spores.

The diversity of ferns in Mexico is made up of approximately 124 genera and 1,008 species, of this total number of species, 186 are endemic.

7- Bells (penstemon spp,)

They are herbaceous plants, creeping or upright, depending on the variety they belong to. It can reach a height from 10 to 2 meters. It is usually cultivated biennially.

8- Grass of the frog (Eryngium sp.,)

These plants grow in full sun without any protection. They usually live on flat parts or slopes with northern exposure.

9- Miconia

Most miconia species are shrubs and small trees. They can measure up to 15 meters in height. It is characterized by having a dark green beam

10- acaena elongata

This small plant belongs to the Rosaceae. They normally have sticky fruits. It is a common species in disturbed humid oyamel and pine-oak forests.

11- Cupressaceae (Cupressaceae)

They are very characteristic shrubs and trees due to their smell as well as the strength of their wood. This makes it a species widely used as an ornamental.

12- quercus laurina

Oak family plant that usually reaches up to 20 meters in some cases. They stand out for their acorns, with a bitter taste.

13- Madrone (arbutus xalapensis)

Large shrub (up to 15 meters) that is found in large areas of Mexico at altitudes ranging from 1,500 to 3,000 meters above sea level. Its wood is widely used for the manufacture of various utensils.

14- Teposan (american buddleja)

Shrub of about 2-5 meters, very popular in certain areas of the country (Chiapas for example) for its medicinal and dermatological properties.

15- Weeping willow (Salix babylonica)

Deciduous tree of Asian origin but well established in the temperate forests of Mexico. Of beautiful bearing, it measures between 8 and 12 meters.


Ministry of the Environment, “Conservation of temperate mountain ecosystems in Mexico”, Oscar Sánchez (December, 2003).
National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity, «Taxonomic catalog of species of Mexico, in Natural Capital of Mexico, vol. I: Current knowledge of biodiversity» (March, 2017) Recovered in Biodiversidad Gobierno. biodiversity.gob.mx.
Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, «Taxonomy of the Boletaceae Family, in the temperate forests of Zacualtipán, Hidalgo Mexico» (2007) uaeh.edu.mx.
Institute of Ecology, AC Department of Evolutionary Biology «Flora of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley», Francisco G. Lorea-Hernández, Nelly Jiménez-Pérez (2010).

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