7 junio, 2024

12 Literary Resources of the Poems

The literary resources of the poems They are tools used by authors and poets to express feelings, using different words or expressions to name objects or feelings of everyday language.

The poets consider the emotive qualities of the words, their musical value and the innovation in the construction of the stanzas.

Poetry has an underlying purpose that goes beyond words and is intended to evoke intense feelings in the reader. To achieve this objective, resources such as metaphor, epithet, comparison, hyperbole, metonymy, personification and sensory images, among others, are used.

Most important literary devices used in poetry


It is a rhetorical figure that tries to establish a relationship of similarity between two completely different words. They are built based on three elements: the tenor, the object that is being talked about, the vehicle, which is what is used to describe the tenor, and the foundation or explanation of the similarity.

Example: «your long golden hair», to say your long blonde hair.


Literary resource that consists of the use of qualifying adjectives without adding any additional information about the object to which it refers.

Example: «the dark whales will return.»


Through this literary resource, a similarity is established between an imaginary object or character with a real one, through the use of the links «like» and «which».

Example: «red lips like apples»


Rhetorical figure through which a situation or quality of the object that is being talked about is considerably exaggerated, seeking to give greater effectiveness in the emotion that is trying to be created.

Example: «Because I look at you and I die…» (Mario Benedetti). Exaggeration of the effects produced by the loved one.


Within poetry, this figure is linked to metaphor, it consists of naming one thing or idea with the name of another, the most common cases being cause and effect relationships and naming a whole for one part, between the two concepts there is a proximity relationship.

Example: «The best pen in world literature is William Shakeaspare»


Rhetorical figure used to name the whole by the parts or vice versa.

Example: «He was left with only five mouths to feed» or «he was thirty years old…»


Resource by which phrases that involve a contradiction are used, basically they are thoughts that make sense from the opposite.

Example: «Fire is half as cold» (Pablo Neruda).


It is used to give human qualities to objects.

Example: “the jasmines cry because you are not here…” or “the mist embraced her”.

sensory images

They are all the expressions to which an author refers to to suggest a sense, they can be auditory, visual, tactile, gustatory or olfactory.


Auditory: «the breeze sang a lullaby.»
Visuals: “the sun dyed the horizon red”.
Tactile: «His skin was smooth as velvet.»
Gustatory: “his mouth was delicious like the apple”.
Olfactory: «it smelled like fresh spring.»


Resource widely used by poets, which is observed when a noun is modified by an opposite qualifying adjective.

Example: “deafening noise…”


This resource is one of the most common in poetry, being one of the main figures that the poet uses to give more power to his message. It consists of placing in the same verses words or ideas whose meaning is totally opposite.

Example: «Your silence sounded heartbreaking in my heart.»


The apostrophe is a literary figure of thought that interrupts the speech and has the purpose of creating an affective plane in the reader about real or imaginary beings.

Example: «Mighty clouds, have mercy on these sinners.»

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