6 junio, 2024

11 poems with literary devices (explained)

I leave you a list of poems with literary resources: alliteration, onomatopoeia, paranomasia, anaphora, anadiplosis, epanadiplosis, polysyndeton, antithesis, apostrophe, synesthesia and image.

– The leaf between the leaves

«The leaf among the leaves complains of being different,

of having something tense in the body,

contrary to the rest, contrary to the night

and oblivious to the day and the absinthe of the winter air”.


This literary resource consists of the repetition of sounds at the beginning of certain words in the verses throughout a poem. In this case, the first verse presents “la”, “leaf”, “se”; in the second there is «ten», and so on. This resource gives a pleasant sonority to the stanza.

– The animal in the room

“It was a shadow with a shadow,

with a dark appendage that touched the curtains

and he set them on fire in a short, precise night;

it was a “rrr rrr rrr”, a buzz that woke everything from sleep,

a clock on the floor to four deaths,

and that «meow» that did not call anyone,

but it had my name.”


This resource imitates the sounds of things or animals, in this case we have the purr of a cat, denoted by “rrr rrr rrr”, and the meow, written “meow”. By using onomatopoeia, it is possible to give the poem more liveliness and also the interaction of the person who recites is expanded.

– The strange sales

«Don’t sell me your bandages anymore,

nor the little garlic that shakes me,

nothing big or small

Zero jewelry, zero clothes.»


Paranomasia is the use of words that are similar in their pronunciation, even in their spelling, but not in their meaning. This resource is often used a lot when making tongue twisters.

In this case, “vendas” to bandage and “vendas” to sell are presented, as well as “ajito”, which means “small garlic”, and “agito” to shake.

– I looked for you

I looked for you through the ivy that climbed into the dense night,

and it was cold

and a corner looked alone at the darkness of being a space without destination,

and I did not want to enter the day,

so I slept to continue long,

So I went from raving to raving

so I ended up being kind of dark next to the night.”


This literary resource consists of the presence of the same word at the beginning of a stanza, or a verse, or successive sentences. This is done by the poet in order to emphasize the poetic message, although the anaphora also provides a certain pleasant sound to the ear and that facilitates the memorization of the poem.

– I, who had you

«I, who had you between cayenas at night,

at night tired by us, by our steps,

steps of not giving up walking together, like parties,

parties in the reason of living in the moment and never parting,

never beyond a close look, a bed, a hand,

hand that I take you to be the needle of the loom of time,

time that we are, broken, asleep, alone.


Anadiplosis consists of the repetition of a word at the end of a verse and then at the beginning of the next verse. This literary figure is also known as «conduplication.» It is widely used to emphasize a message around a particular reason and to keep the reader from losing the thread of the main idea.

In this case, it can be clearly reflected in words such as: nights, steps, matches, never, hands and time.

– Presence

«Presence, that breaks the dawn with grays and dreams, you, presence,

We nested in rubble from other worlds, we just nested,

We were going to know what it was all about, why life and dreams, we were going,

He knew nothing of us other than that we were two bodies on earth, nothing,

howls of old wolves eaten away by the paths of existence, simple howls,

wanting to escape from everything, but always closed in on ourselves, it was always wanting,

then talking was terrifying on the night table, you and me, then”.


This literary figure is that a word is repeated at the beginning and at the end of a verse, a group of words can also be applied. It is a resource that has a great sound repercussion on the verses, which is why it enhances them and allows them greater expressiveness.

In this case, it is present in the words: presence, we were walking, we were going, nothing, howling, wanting and then.

– He wanted it

“She wanted him, and she loved him and hugged him and the whole name went with him and she did not think of leaving him.

He walked around without knowing and crying and laughing and singing and looking for somewhere to go.

The truth is that existing like this consumes and extinguishes and leads to the uncertain and to life and death.

And no one knew anymore, and they didn’t live, and they didn’t exist and they didn’t continue and so the dark came”.


This literary device consists in the fact that in the verses the conjunctions are repeated continuously, without any control. At first this may seem like a mistake, but it is used with full intent on the part of the poet. Here in that poem it can be appreciated with the conjunction «and».

– Both

«From so much walking I sought stillness,

because life drowned me with its death attempts,

and I was cold and I was heat in the center of existence,

away from me, but close to the pain of breathing.

Thus the hand slides over the table and stops on itself,

so life redounds and redounds in a silence that screams everything at us,

that breaks us and rearms us until we know what it’s all about,

until the beginning where it was believed to begin and it was simply the end of what could be seen”.


This literary resource consists of the placement in the same verse of words or ideas whose meanings are contrary. This is very common in poetry, in fact, it is one of the figures that the writer uses the most to give intensity to his message.

In this example it can be seen with the following words: walk and stillness; life and death; Cold and heat; remote and close; slide and stop; silence and scream; break and reset; and beginning and end.

– Sea

“What are you doing with my life that is not the same if you are far away?, sea.

Tell me the name that really calls you under those waters that shape you, sea.

And it is that, sea of ​​my people, I do not know which corner of your existence to turn to unfold my life;

And what does your sky tell me? Where are they taking me? Seagulls.

I don’t know anything about you, moon crab,

neither of your sand at night, sun of the dark.

Whoever finds me this morning, tell her, the sea, that I’ll be back soon.»


This literary resource consists of the incorporation of phrases that invoke and address something to which life has been given or a person. This figure is also very frequently used in the poetics of many authors.

In this poem it can be seen present in the phrases that address the sea, the sky, the seagulls, the crab and the sun.

– I saw you

«I saw you,

and I could perceive the cold of the image of your prostrate body in the morning by the lake,

The sun did not hesitate to make you taste the honey of its rays,

and the crabs bit by bit the remains of your breath.

Those who never heard your look don’t know what I mean now that I speak,

and it’s normal, because this life breaks the meaning of everything,

and the skin no longer saw my voice as before.

I’m another,

I’ll go differently.»


This literary resource is related to the property that some beings have to perceive smells of colors, or flavors of sound, or sounds of colors, and vice versa. It is like an exchange of the common function of the senses. This figure is also used repeatedly in poetics.

In this poem it can be seen in the following sentences:

– “… perceive the cold of the image of your body”.

– “Who never heard your gaze”.

– Where we go?

What happened to that round house that was your name?

Where did you take the blue from the shrapnel that yesterday dressed the neighborhood in red?

I know you know

the streets of your voice lead directly to what you want to discover,

and a cloud bird, like your outstretched hand, gives shade where there was one.

Where are we going? Everything burns, everything seems like a sunset that doesn’t stop, a red hill of eternal fire.


Among the most used poetic resources is the image. This figure makes it possible to show the person who recites the poem or who listens to it shapes associated with moods, sounds, smells or colors, which makes the poetic act more vivid.

In this example we have it present in the following sentences:

– “What happened to that round house that was your name?”.

– “… where did you take the blue from the shrapnel that yesterday dressed the neighborhood in red?”.

– “… the streets of your voice lead directly to what you want to discover”.


Tabuenca, E. (2019). Literary Resources – complete list with definition and examples. (N/A): A Professor. Recovered from: unprofesor.com.
Raffino, ME (2018). Literary resources. (N/A): Concept of. Recovered from: conceptode.com.
Literary figure. (2019). Spain: Wikipedia. Recovered from: es.wikipedia.org.
Literary resource classes. (2018). (N/A): Writing and Editing. Retrieved from: blog.tsedi.com.
Literary devices and rhetorical figures. (2017). (N/A): Spanish Corner. Recovered from: rinconcastellano.com.

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