9 junio, 2024

10 Traditions and Customs of San Luis Potosí

The traditions and customs of San Luis Potosí They are represented by those artistic and cultural manifestations of pre-Hispanic origin. These manifestations were adapted with the arrival of the Spanish colonizers.

San Luis Potosí is geographically located in the north central region of Mexico. Consequently, it limits to the north with the states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas. To the south with the states of Guanajuato, Hidalgo and Querétaro. To the east with the state of Veracruz, and to the west with the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas.

The state of San Luis Potosí is part of the Huasteca Region, which is made up of northern Veracruz, southern Tamaulipas, and parts of San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo.

Consequently, it shares traditions and customs both with the states that make up the Huasteca Region and with part of the towns, neighborhoods and neighborhoods of Mexico City (capital of the country).

Most outstanding traditions and customs of San Luis Potosí

1- Patronal Festival of San Luis Rey de Francia

This patronal festival is celebrated on August 25 in memory of King Louis IX of France, better known as Saint Louis King of France, who died on August 25, 1270 during a crusade in the city of Tunis.

During this festival, dances and dances are performed, as well as the burning of gunpowder in the facilities of the Potosina National Fair (fair established in honor of this patron saint festival).

2- Potosina National Fair (FENAPO)

Fair held from August 7 to 30, where they expose both the gastronomy and the crafts of San Luis Potosí.

You can also find mechanical games, enjoy parties in the Plaza del Mariachi, enjoy plays, among others.

The central day of the Fair is August 25, for which the gunpowder is burned and fireworks are lit.

3- Xantolo (Day of the Dead and Day of the Saints)

This festival represents the reunion of the living with their ancestors, it is celebrated on November 1 and 2.

On November 1, All Saints Day (dedicated to deceased children) is celebrated. That day they prepare sweets and piloncillo (also known as papelón, panela or chancaca).

They also say prayers, an altar is set up (it can be near the grave or in the house) and they stay up all night.

On November 2, the Day of the Dead (dedicated to the adult dead) is celebrated. That day they prepare Zacahuil (tamales) with chili and in some cases they prepare the food that the deceased liked the most.

They also make prayers, parades, dances, set up an altar and stay up all night.

4- Feast of Saint James the Apostle

This festival is celebrated on July 25 in honor of Santiago the Apostle.

5- The Devils

Festivity celebrated on Resurrection Sunday (last day of Holy Week). That day the ‘devils’ go out through the main streets dancing to the sound of music (usually drums), it is common to see them whipping the ground with their whips.

The route of the devils is also mixed with the burning of Judas, so it is common to see them burning the alebrijes (Mexican crafts), which represent a person from the town who has misbehaved or Judas.

6- Festival of the Virgin of Remedies

Celebrated from September 1 to 8 in honor of the Virgen de los Remedios. The Fiesta begins at dawn on September 1 when the devotees sing the mornings to the Virgin.

At dawn they place the Virgen de los Remedios in the atrium and there they celebrate the first mass. Throughout the week they perform dances and sell crafts, typical dishes, among others.

7- Feast of Saint Michael the Archangel

The festival of San Miguel Arcángel is celebrated in some neighborhoods and municipalities of San Luis Potosí, among which are the Barrio de San Miguelito and the Mexquitic Municipality of Carmona.

The festival is celebrated through a novena that begins on September 20 when the image of San Miguel Arcángel is lowered. That day they sing the mornings and a mass is celebrated.

On September 21, a tour of the main streets of the neighborhood or municipality is carried out with the image of San Miguel Arcángel.

The celebration of the Feast of San Miguel Arcángel concludes when the image is uploaded to its niche.

8- Procession of Silence

It is a procession carried out on Good Friday, in commemoration of the passion and death of Christ and Our Lady of Solitude.

That day around 30 brotherhoods participate, among which are: the Brotherhood of the Virgen del Carmen, the Brotherhood of the Holy Burial, the Brotherhood of Ecce Homo, the Brotherhood of Descendimiento, the Brotherhood of Solitude (it is the one that represents Our Lady of Solitude), among others.

It is important to note that each brotherhood wears a tunic of a specific color that represents it. For example, the Cofradía de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad has a purple-colored tunic, while the Cofradía de la Santa Cruz wears a gold-colored tunic.

The Procession begins on the night of Good Friday, in the Church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, making a tour of almost three hours throughout the Historic Center of San Luis Potosí.

The Procession of Silence is one of the most important traditions of this state, attracting thousands of tourists every year. It bears this name because throughout the tour all those who attend remain silent.

9- Tenths and Walloons

Las Décimas and las Wallonas are performed in different festivities of San Luis Potosí, being an important part of Potosi culture. They are characterized by being made up of satirical verses that are accompanied by some musical instruments.

Therefore, it is made up of the spoken part (the verses) and the danced part, since while some pronounce the verses, others must dance.

10- National Enchilada Fair (FENAE)

This fair is held in the Municipality of Soledad de Graciano Sánchez. Its main objective is to promote the enchilada potosina.

Exhibitors from all over the country also participate in the fair. Each exponent presents a sample of the enchiladas of his state or region.

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