8 julio, 2024

10 medicinal plants from Guatemala

Many of the Guatemalan medicinal plantsIn addition to being curative, they have very remarkable nutritional properties. These plants are used by the pharmaceutical industry for the extraction of components, which will later allow the creation of medicines.

Likewise, many of these plants are used naturally by many people in their homes, through the ingestion of the fruits or the consumption of infusions of their leaves and flowers.

List of medicinal plants of Guatemala

1. Annatto

Scientific name: bixa orellana linn

The achiote, also known as achihuite, onoto or pumacua, is a typical plant of the tropical region of South America. The cultivation of this plant has been of great importance in this area, since a natural dye is extracted from its fruit, which can be used both in food and in textiles.

In addition to dye extraction, annatto is used to treat certain conditions. The leaves can be used to sterilize burns and promote healing. Similarly, the infusion of achiote leaves is used as a laxative.

2. Chicory

Scientific name: Chichorium intybus

Chicory, also known as chicory, is a typical plant from Central America. This plant is used in the preparation of meals as if it were a spice. A coffee-like drink is also prepared with roasted chicory roots.

Its medicinal properties include treatment against loss of appetite, colic, indigestion and constipation.

Likewise, chicory infusion has diuretic properties. On the other hand, with the leaves of this plant, a skin cream is made that prevents inflammation.

3. Avocado

Scientific name: american persea

The avocado is a tree whose fruits (which receive the same name) are a source of potassium and vitamin D. Both the fruits and the seeds and avocado leaves have medicinal properties.

Eating the fruit lowers cholesterol levels, while the seeds and leaves are used to treat diarrhea and dysentery.

On the other hand, avocado oil is applied directly to the skin to treat some skin conditions (for example, psoriasis), as well as arthritis.

4. Chamomile

Scientific name: Chamaemelum nobile

Chamomile, also called chamomile, is one of the oldest medicinal plants. There are different ways to prepare chamomile, however, the most common is the infusion with the powder of dried flowers.

Dried chamomile flowers are used to treat fever, muscle spasms, ulcers, gastrointestinal disorders, skin irritations, ear infections, eye-related problems such as conjunctivitis and dry eye syndrome, and rheumatic pain. .

It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. On the other hand, chamomile tea is considered to calm the nerves and be relaxing, while allowing to treat insomnia and other sleep disorders.

5. Wormwood

Scientific name: Artemisia absinthium

The leaves and flowers of wormwood are used to stimulate the appetite, to relieve indigestion and heartburn. Likewise, dried flowers are used to treat parasitic infections.

In addition, the application of wormwood infusion on sprains, bruises and irritated areas accelerates the healing process.

On the other hand, wormwood reduces pain caused by diseases such as arthritis and rheumatism, as well as headaches. Lastly, dried wormwood serves as an insect repellent.

6. Fennel

Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel infusion is used to treat throat irritation, digestive system discomfort, such as indigestion, flatulence, colic, among others.

Likewise, it is used externally to relieve ocular ailments, such as conjunctivitis and dry eye syndrome.

7. Peppermint

Scientific name: Mentha spicata

Peppermint, also known as alavina, yerba buena, sweet mint and arvino, is a herbaceous plant that can grow up to 30 cm tall. Peppermint oil is used as a muscle relaxant and pain reliever. Also, this oil soothes skin irritations.

The infusion of mint leaves has antispasmodic and analgesic properties, and helps to eliminate flatulence and heavy digestions.

8. Passion fruit

Scientific name: Passiflora ligularis

The granadilla is a fruit plant, also known as carnat or cranix. Both the fruit and the stem and leaves have medicinal properties.

To begin with, the granadilla fruit is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, coughs, and flu. Similarly, the juice of this fruit is attributed sedative and relaxing properties.

On the other hand, the infusion of granadilla leaves is used to treat respiratory problems, such as tuberculosis. The infusion has also proven to be useful against insomnia, indigestion, hypertension, diarrhea, anemia and malaria.

9. Saquil

Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum

The saquil, also known as coriander, cilantro, coriander, coantrillo or coriander, is a plant with pinnate leaves and pink flowers. Coriander leaves, applied to the skin, are used to treat headaches.

On the other hand, the fruits of the saquil are used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, such as colic, diarrhea, gastritis and flatulence.

10. Cocoa

Scientific name: Theobroma cacao

Cocoa is a typical Central American fruit tree, native to Mexico. Both the seeds of the fruit and the leaves of the tree are used in the treatment of respiratory conditions such as asthma, cough and pneumonia.

It is also used against gastrointestinal conditions, such as colic and diarrhea.

Cocoa butter, extracted from the seed, is mainly used to treat chapped lips (in fact, this product has been marketed in lipsticks).

The butter is used to relieve rashes, burns and other skin conditions. On the other hand, the leaves, especially the tender ones, disinfect wounds.

References

Avocado: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings. Retrieved from webmd.com.
Avocado (Persea americana). Retrieved from medicalhealthguide.com.
Wormwood. Retrieved from webmd.com.

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