8 junio, 2024

10 Customs and Traditions of Guanajuato (Mexico)

Some customs and traditions of Guanajuato There are several important dates, clothing, dances and gastronomic dishes very typical of Guanajuato. Guanajuato is one of the 32 states that make up the United States of Mexico.

It is made up of 46 municipalities and its capital is the Colonial city of Guanajuato, declared a World Heritage Site. The most populated city in the State is León. It is located in the center of the Mexican Republic and is bordered to the north by the state of San Luis de Potosí to the north, Michoacán to the south, Jalisco to the west, and Querétaro to the east.

Its geographical position makes it have a semi-dry, temperate and semi-warm climate. It has two hydrological basins that irrigate the State, which are Lerma Santiago and Panuco-Tamesí.

Main customs and traditions of Guanajuato

The most representative traditions and customs of the State of Guanajuato are strongly linked to religious celebrations of a saint and include some representative gastronomic dishes of the region.

On the other hand, each city and municipality has its own celebrations.

1- Friday of Sorrows

It is celebrated on the last Friday of Lent before Holy Week in honor of the Virgin of Dolores, patron saint of miners. That day commemorates the 7 pains that the Virgin Mary experienced during the passion and death of her son Jesus Christ.

Bushy altars of flowers and lighted candles are erected, and water or snow (ice cream) is given as a gift, symbolizing the tears of Mary. She gets used to giving flowers to women.

It is believed that this custom originated in the 17th century on the initiative of the Franciscan brothers, who at Easter raised altars in their honor in the streets and outside hospitals.

2- Celebration of Holy Week

Between the end of March and the beginning of April, the Christian community worldwide commemorates the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus.

Mexico, the country with the largest number of Catholics in the world, remembers this date with deep devotion and faith.

Guanajuato is no exception to the rule and diverse Eucharist swarms during the season. On Holy Thursday, the «visit to the seven temples» or «visit to the seven altars» takes place, an analogy to the seven rooms that Jesus went through on the day of his trial.

It is common since then to visit seven temples, all of them are full of flowers, crucifixes and other decoration for the occasion.

On Good Friday the Via Crucis is performed and representations of the different scenes of Jesus on the way to Calvary are made.

A characteristic adaptation of the Guanajuatenses to the procession is La Judea, a popular theater movement with profane-religious content, inherited by Hermenegildo Bustos.

According to the dramatization, the Jews seek to recapture and kill Jesus at the expense of Judas Iscariot.

3- Opening of San Juan and Presa de la Olla

It is an artistic and cultural event that takes place on the first Monday of July. The celebration arose in the 18th century, in 1749 when the construction of the Olla Dam was finished and due to a lack of pipes or filters, the dam had to be opened so that the river brought fresh water.

Over time, bridges and roads were built so that people could appreciate the event in a more comfortable way and to this they added music, food, games of chance, bullfights, among other things, even the beauty pageant that crowned the queen. from the city.

With respect to «San Juan», before the dam the birth of Juan Bautista used to be commemorated (since June 24), although he did not have any temple erected.

Consequently, after the construction of the dam, they decided to combine the two celebrations because of their chronological closeness and because finally John the Baptist is remembered for baptizing Christ in the waters of the Jordan, waters of the riverbed that also ran on the same dates in Guanajuato.

4- Paloteros Dance

It is a pre-Hispanic dance whose origin is not clear if it is due to the Piñícuaros or the Purúandiros.

In any case, this dance adopts its peculiarities in each one of the groups, although the synopsis is the same: it stages the offering to the Sun and Moon deities to help them in their battles after the Spanish conquest, it helps in the harvests and the process of miscegenation.

This dance emphasizes smooth, cadent movements of a martial type, contrary to the other Spanish-influenced dances with their distinctive stomping or sharp turns. Its dancers, always men, are distinguished by wearing knee-length shorts with colored vertical lines.

5- Bull Dance

It is a traditional dance representative of the municipalities of Guanajuato, Silao and Romita that was born in 1837 around a story that apparently occurred in the Chichimellas Hacienda.

According to tradition, at a party a small bull escapes from the corral and begins to cause fear among the people. The owner of the Hacienda rides his horse, trying to catch him and failing in his company, the other guests at the party try to catch him.

The characters of the dance are: The charro, the caporal, the maringuia, the drunkard, the hunchback, the trip, the devil and death and the apache.

His music and movements are joyful and contagious.

6- Anniversary of the Day of the taking of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas

It is a civil commemoration celebrated on September 28 of each year. It recalls the heroic feat of 1810 in which the insurgent army led by the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla confronted the royalists (Spanish) and wrested control of Alhóndiga de Granaditas from them, beginning the struggle for independence from Mexico.

A military civic parade is offered in which schools, police forces and the 46 municipalities that make up the state participate

7- Dress of the «Galerena»

It was an everyday clothing a few centuries ago and today it is a folk costume that represents the Guanajuato woman.

It consists of three colorful layers of A-line skirts, superimposed with different details and going from the waist. The first and second layer were for domestic use and the third was used when they went out.

The female back is covered by a white blouse with a square neckline embroidered like the short sleeves.

The clothing was decorated with brightly colored necklaces and earrings, scarves, bracelets, bows and sophisticated braids. She carried a wooden tray in which she deposited the pieces of stone where the metal lay.

It is called «Galereña» because women used this outfit to accompany their husbands and older children to their work in the galleys, outside the mines.

8- Cervantino International Festival

This festival was created in the 70s, product of the initiative of a university professor and the population, who were determined to spread the culture. So they began to stage works by Miguel de Cervantes in different public places.

Over time this tradition became popular, being celebrated every year in October. At present they include other forms of art such as dance, painting and music.

9- Alley of the Kiss

Known for the story of Don Carlos and Doña Ana, a couple who met in secret on the balconies of a narrow alley. Unfortunately the woman died at the hands of her father when she saw them kissing.

According to legend, couples who kiss on the third step will have seven years of happiness. This ritual has become a tradition for couples who visit the alley.

10- Day of the Cave

This festivity is celebrated in honor of San Ignacio de Loyola on July 31. On the eve of the day of the Cave, there is a parade that ends at Los Picachos hill, where a festival is performed.

References

Guanajuato state government. (24 of 7 of 2017). Know our state. Obtained from Guanajuato State Government: guanajuato.gob.mx.
Guanajuato state government. (24 of 7 of 2017). typical dress. Obtained from Guanajuato State Government: guanajuato.gob.mx.
Jimenez Gonzalez, VM (7/24/2017). Guanajuato. Mexico in your pocket. Retrieved from Google Books: books.google.com.
Unknown Mexico. (24 of 7 of 2017). Assault and takeover of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas, Guanajuato. Obtained from Mexico Unknown: mexicodesconocido.com.mx.

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