7 junio, 2024

10 cultural manifestations of Mexico

The cultural manifestations of Mexico They have placed this nation among one of the richest and most diverse in the world. The Mexican culture It is very marked by the union of ancient practices and traditions with others from Europe during colonization, which consolidated its development.

Many entities and communities participate in the continuity of the most popular cultural manifestations in Mexico. These have kept the flame alive and increasingly reinforce the sense of identity and belonging that culture can come to represent for its people.

Political and social participation (church and other institutions), indigenous peoples and identities, the Spanish conquest and its vestiges, modernity or the condition of Latin Americans have shaped Mexican culture.

Mexican cultural manifestations

1. Day of the Dead

It is one of the most popular festivities and one of the most recognized worldwide, so much so that it is instantly identified with the Mexican nation.

The Day of the Dead is celebrated between November 1 and 2 of each year, it is part of Mexican religious traditions, along with others of a global nature, such as Christmas or Easter.

The also known as All Saints Day is a celebration dedicated to honoring the deceased.

It is celebrated by entire families, who leave offerings to their deceased relatives so that when they arrive, they experience again what they felt while living.

2. The Guelaguetza of Oaxaca

This regional celebration encompasses the cultural qualities of several adjacent provinces and cities, which meet in Oaxaca in commemoration of the Virgen del Carmen, and is usually celebrated from the third Monday of July to the fourth.

Folkloric and popular music groups from regions near the state of Oaxaca participate. La Guelaguetza is a celebration that has its origins in Oaxacan indigenous customs and the veneration of deities related to corn and cultivation.

The passage of time and history have made it evolve and expand its activities and connotations. Today it is considered a traditional festival that encompasses multiple branches of Mexican culture.

3. Cinco de Mayo

The commemoration of dates that marked the course of the country’s political and military history has great weight in the culture of Mexico.

The first time that Mexico was able to face and defeat the army of a foreign power (France) was more than enough reason for citizens to celebrate in their streets every year.

It is such a popular festival internationally that it has even been considered to be celebrated to a greater extent in countries like the United States, both by Mexican citizens and foreigners.

4. Rite of the Flyers

It is a religious celebration considered Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

It consists of a series of aerial dance rites performed by four dancers, with connotations and tributes to the gods, the cardinal points and fertility. The dancers balance on ropes and descend while performing movements.

It is a Mesoamerican tradition that began in the regions of Jalisco and Nayarit, and later expanded to other parts of Mexico. Today it is kept alive in areas like Puebla and Veracruz.

5. The Mariachi

Popular music is one of the pillars of cultures around the world. A musical and colorful genre originated in Mexico that today is considered a globalized manifestation.

The mariachi, music made mainly with string instruments, is a musical variant that exalts, through its themes and the autochthonous character of its performers, the deepest Mexican values.

Mariachis are capable of covering, in their own way, different traditional and modern musical genres, adapting to new times and audiences without losing their essence. The documented origin of the mariachi is located in the lands of Cocula, in the state of Jalisco.

6. The pirekua

Also considered Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO, this musical genre originates from the P’urhépecha indigenous people, in Michoacán.

This musical manifestation consists of a string orchestra that accompanies particular and traditional songs made for one, two and even three voices.

The pirekua has a mediation function in integration into the social environment. Their songs provide a family message that encourages reconciliation and understanding. Its practice has been maintained within the P’urhépecha people since its origin.

7. Gastronomy and festivals

Mexico has proven to be the cradle of the most varied and picturesque gastronomy, emulated around the world.

However, there are regions that still keep some of their culinary practices intact, and are considered a cultural manifestation in themselves, as well as participants in other celebrations.

The Mexican gastronomic festivals are the headquarters to discover everything that Mexico has to offer at a culinary level. Some of these have an international character; others promote and encourage local production in certain regions.

Events such as the Chile Festival, the Strawberry Fair, the National Mole Fair, are some of the activities that annually bring Mexicans together in a gastronomic environment.

They share the most traditional culinary values, together with the innovations provided by the avant-garde of cooking.

In the same way, the typical gastronomy of Mexico has been part and complement of other larger celebrations, such as the Day of the Dead, through the altars that are prepared with food and fruits and that are later offered to the deceased honorees.

8. Three Kings Day

Mexico is a Catholic country, with deep-rooted religious traditions, since the Viceroyalty. The Three Kings Day celebration is traditional in the country. On January 5, children write letters to the Three Wise Men and on January 6 they receive gifts and eat the rosca de reyes, which usually has some object or plastic doll. Whoever gets it, must prepare tamales or offer their house for the Candelaria festival, in February.

9. The paraboys

It is an annual festival held in Chiapa del Corzo, from January 4 to 23, in honor of Our Lord of Esquipulas, San Antonio Abad and San Sebastián. They are dances where they disguise themselves with wooden masks, made with ancestral techniques transmitted from one generation to another. They dress in sarapes, colorful ribbons and embroidered shawls, and play a kind of rattle called chinchines. The dance itself is an offering to the saints.

10. Traditions of the Otomi-Chichimecas

It is a town settled in Querétaro, which throughout the year has community festivals linked to rituals to ask the heavens for water. The environment (dry and arid) has shaped its various cultural manifestations, which today are part of Mexico.


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Bartholomew, MA (1997). Usual people and reasonable people: ethnic identities in Mexico. XXI century.
Battle, GB, Carlón, JC, C., DG, Garibay, X., Ungerleider, DL, Luna, JM, Monsiváis, C. (1995). Popular cultures and cultural politics. Mexico, DF: National Council for Culture and the Arts.
Garcia Canclini, N. (1999). The social uses of Cultural Heritage.

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