7 junio, 2024

10 basic needs of the family and at home

What are the basic needs of the family?

Some basic family needs They are housing, a good diet, affection or protection. The family is considered the nucleus of society.

It is the first unit of development and experience of the members of a group, as well as of achievement and failure. No person can live in isolation.

During the first years of life, a person’s socialization occurs almost exclusively with family members. And that is why it serves as the first educational space for people.

In essence, the family takes care of two things. First, to ensure physical survival, and second, to build what is essentially human in a person.

This means that the family nucleus is obliged to satisfy the basic needs of its members, which range from vital biological needs to survive to those that guarantee the development of human qualities.

Main basic needs of the family

1. Food

Food is one of the biological needs that the family must cover. It is one of the fundamental pillars for people’s health and even more so when it comes to children.

Although food is a basic necessity for life, as well as an inalienable right of individuals, the act of eating goes beyond eating to survive.

The action of eating should be a moment of communication between family members, the moment in which bonds are created, traditions and affection are transmitted. On the other hand, by satisfying this need, the family not only learns to eat, but also creates the habit of eating.

2. Care and protection

A family also needs security and care. Family members, whether they are children, adults or the elderly, with or without particular health conditions, need to be protected.

This care is vital when it comes to newborns. The family must be able to guarantee the survival of the smallest and most defenseless, and this is achieved through constant care and assistance.

This need is also directly related to food. And it is that being this the fundamental pillar of health, well-being depends a lot on it.

3. Housing

Housing is one of the fundamental elements to guarantee human dignity. Therefore, it is one of the basic needs of the family. Access to housing is considered an essential human right. Which means that everyone has the right to have an adequate standard of living that ensures a place to live.

Being the family the fundamental cell of any society, having a home is one of the pillars that cannot be missing.

A society in which families do not have the possibility of accessing and having a space to live is not sustainable. That is why housing is an essential element for the construction of a society.

4. Education

The first space of education of any person is the bosom of the family. The most important education is that which children receive from their parents. These are your direct educators. It is necessary to remember that the family must be a training nucleus so that its members can enter society correctly.

Human beings are social beings by nature. This is why it could be said that children are the new recruits of society. The social development of these depends directly on the education they receive at home. The family is also the first means by which culture is transmitted from generation to generation.

5. Affection

Another of the basic needs of the family is affection. It is essential that it be able to satisfy the affective needs of each of its members. It turns out that affective security is essential for the personality of individuals to develop harmoniously.

If considered from a psychological point of view, the family must be able to establish a communication network that not only allows its members to unite as a family, but also to transmit the necessary emotions to satisfy their affective needs.

6. Playback

Talking about family is inevitably talking about reproduction. Without this element, the revitalization of society and the survival of the human species would not be possible.

Therefore, reproduction becomes one of the main needs of the family. Likewise, it is a duty of family leaders to provide children with adequate models so that they can develop their sexual identity.

Within the family is where each individual learns the characteristics of each sex. This is done mainly through the identification of parental figures.

For this reason, it is essential that parents are very clear about the functions that correspond to them, as well as their respective roles within the family group.

7. Communication

Communication is an essential element in the family. Therefore it is considered as a basic need. And it is that thanks to communication each of the needs that are within the family nucleus can be satisfied.

Without communication, the members of a family would not be able to transmit the different messages necessary to maintain the proper structure of the group.

These messages, whether verbal or paraverbal, convey different actions and emotions, such as help, authority, affection, and understanding.

8. Adaptability

Another basic need of the family that is essential is the ability to adapt. It is important to keep in mind that the family is a dynamic group.

This is basically because it must maintain internal relationships with the members that make it up and external relationships with its environment, which can be social, educational or work.

Being exposed to these different environments means that the family must adapt to be able to respond to each of the stimuli that are presented. The family usually lives in a process of constant transformation. This evolution has a lot to do with the different stages that occur in the life cycle.

9. Autonomy

Autonomy is a key element within the family. Although it is made up of several people, it is necessary to remember that each of them has their own personality and identity.

This means that belonging to a group does not have to limit the power of individual autonomy. Each family member needs to have a certain degree of independence, as this is what will facilitate their growth and maturity.

However, the family must know how to dose this ‘independence’. In the first years of life, this autonomy must be established through mechanisms that make it possible to set clear limits between what is dependency and independence.

10. Rules and regulations

As an institution in charge of forging the new members of a society, the family must establish rules and norms of behavior.

This is what will allow maintaining order and harmonious conduct between each of the people that make up a home. However, it should be noted that there are no specific rules that families must follow.

Each family group may have its own rules, which although not written down, are clearly established by the leading members.

The individuals that belong to each group are generally the only ones capable of recognizing and identifying them. Through these norms, authority is exercised and behavior patterns are created where respect and personality are put into practice.


Solorzano, M; Brandt, C. (s/f). familiology. Ibero-American Confederation of Family Medicine. Recovered from medicosfamiliares.com.

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